History Of Chemical Weapons Abuse By The US Government

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During this unsettling march to war with Syria, political leaders in the US have repeatedly stated that Syria has broken an agreement, put in place at the end of World War I, that chemical weapons are not to be used in warfare.  Some may be left believing that chemical weapons have been absent from the theatre of war between then and the Syrian attacks on August 21st 2013.  This is not the case.  In fact, the US is the biggest abuser of chemical weapons on earth, deploying these weapons across the world right to the present day.

 

The Chemical Weapons Timeline to World War II

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Chemical and biological weapons have been with us since the Spartan Greek’s used Sulphur fumes on enemy soldiers in the 400′s BC.  They became the tool of imperialism and colonialism from the 17th century and beyond.

In the 18th Century, colonialists seeking to overcome the Native American population distributed small pox infected blankets as ‘gifts’ of peace to native American communities.  In 1770, almost 30% of the population was wiped out by small pox infection.  In the 80 years of European immigration to the North American continent, the Native American population reduced from 37,000 to 9,000 – largely due to the various diseases and epidemics perpetrated against them.  You can read a fuller account of the devastation of indigenous communities here.

At World War I (1914-18), the German army reintroduced chemical weapons, using chlorine gas at the second battle of Ypres. By the end of the war, with all sides deploying mustard and chlorine gas, 85,000 had been killed and 1.2m injured by these toxic weapons.

Between the end of World War I and the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the world went on a bit of a chemical weapons binge.  The Russian forces used poison gas against the Bolsheviks (with UK support), Spain and France used mustard gas in Morocco, and Britain tested mustard gas by releasing it against Iraqi populations.  Winston Churchill stated that:

“I am strongly in favor of using poisoned gas against uncivilized tribes”.

Despite a brief stand off during the first year of World War II thanks to fears of reprisals from all sides, chemical weapons were again deployed in 1942.  The Nazi government is said to have used Zyklon-B to gas ‘undesirable’ groups such as Jews, disabled people, mentally ill people and dissenters of the regime.  By the end of the holocaust, millions of ‘undesirables’ had been killed, including 1.5 million children.

 

The US Becomes the World’s Worst Chemical Weapons Offender

Post World War II

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Since the Second World War, the US has led the world in the development, production and deployment of chemical weapons on both military and civilian populations at home and across the world.

 

At Home

According to the San Francisco Chronicle:

“In 1950, the Army secretly used a Navy ship cruising just outside the Golden Gate to spray supposedly harmless bacteria over the entire city and its outskirts. Eleven people were sickened by the germs in San Francisco, and one of them died.

From 1956 to 1961, the CIA, in a secret behavior modification program called MK-ULTRA, dispatched agents to test the effects of mind-altering drugs such as LSD and synthetic mescaline on unsuspecting people in San Francisco, Mill Valley and other cities across the country. Many of the victims hallucinated, many became sick and at least two deaths resulted from the experiments.

From 1944 to 1974, both the Defense Department and the Atomic Energy Commission conducted hundreds of secret experiments in San Francisco and around the country that exposed unsuspecting patients to dangerous doses of radiation, including injections of plutonium.”

 

It didn’t stop there.  Global Research reports:

1951: Racist experiments are carried out. U.S. Army researchers deliberately expose African-Americans to the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus to discern whether they are more susceptible to infections caused by such organisms than white Europeans. Also in 1951, black workers at the Norfolk Supply Center in Virginia were exposed to crates contaminated with A. fumigatus spores.”

This list is by no means exhaustive, and you can see the full history of domestic use of chemical agents as weapons on domestic US populations here.

Across the World

 

The Korean War – 1950-53

During the war, North Korea and China accused the US of using the germ warfare agents they had developed in 1947.

 

The Vietnam War 1955-1975

The US used Napalm and Agent Orange as their premier chemical weapons between 1965 and 1972.  Napalm is a mixture of plastic polystyrene, hydrocarbon benzene, and gasoline. This mixture creates a jelly-like substance that, when ignited, sticks to practically anything and burns up to ten minutes.” Kim Phuc, a survivor of Napalm attacks in Vietnam says “Napalm is the most terrible pain you can ever imagine.  Water boils at 212°F. Napalm generates temperatures 1,500°F to 2,200°F.”

You will likely remember Kim as a 9 year old naked child fleeing this Napalm attack, her photo becoming one of the defining images of the war. (See picture below).

 

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The US dropped more than 400,000 tons of Napalm on largely civilian areas of Vietnam through the war.

Agent Orange is a toxic chemical herbicide fifty times more concentrated than regular herbicides.  It was used by the US to devastate crops and water sources, in efforts to drive out Vietnamese into US controlled areas.  The US sprayed 73 million litres of Agents Orange, Blue, Pink, Purple and Green onto Vietnam between 1962 and 1970. 

According to a War Legacies research paper:

“The herbicides were sprayed over about 24 percent of southern Vietnam, destroying 5 million acres of upland and mangrove forests and about 500,000 acres of crops (a total area the size of Massachusetts). Of these areas, 34 percent were sprayed more than once; some of the upland forests were sprayed more than four times.vi One study found that 3,181 villages were sprayed as well. Areas of Laos and Cambodia near the Vietnam border were also sprayed.”

The Vietnam Red Cross recorded over 4.8 million deaths and 400,000 birth defects caused by the use of Agent Orange.

Iraq

The US has been directly and indirectly responsible for the use of chemical weapons in Iraq over generations.  We have already covered the testing of weapons on Iraqi populations.  When people claim Saddam used chemical weapons on his own people, they refer to the chemical gas attack on Halabja in 1988, which killed at least 5,000 Kurdish civilians.  This attack was carried out in the dying months of the Iran-Iraq war, while the UK’s Thatcher government were providing military support to his regime.  The Reagan White House continued to maintain Agricultural Credits with Iraq, and blocked congressional sanctions against Iraq.

In the most recent attack on Iraq, the US used White Phosphorous, Napalm and Depleted Uranium in contravention of all conventions.  According to a recent study by the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Fallujah now has a higher rate of cancer, leukaemia and infant mortality than Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Describing the effects on the ground, this report:

‘Young women in Fallujah are terrified of having children because of the increasing number of babies born grotesquely deformed, with no heads, two heads, a single eye in their foreheads, scaly bodies or missing limbs. In addition, young children in Fallujah are now experiencing hideous cancers and leukemia. Researchers found a 38-fold increase in leukemia, a ten-fold increase in female breast cancer and significant increases in lymphoma and brain tumors in adults.

 

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White phosphorus burns at extremely high temperatures and ignites clothing, fuel, ammunition and other combustibles.  If it lands on a person, it can burn through skin and bone.  The US used this on Iraq in 2004.   The number of deaths and injuries is not known.

The above list is not even a full history, but some of the most notable uses.  The US has consistently flouted international conventions on the use of chemical weapons.  Whether we are evaluating by death toll, legacy such as birth defects and crises of public health, or environmental impacts: the US it is the worst abuser of chemical weapons on the planet.

 

Convention? What Convention?

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The US has actively dodged conventions on the use of chemical weapons, and when it has seen fit to bother signing them, it has simply ignored them.

In 1907, the Hague Convention outlawed chemical weapons, but the US did not join the convention.

In 1928 (first signed 1925), the League of Nations (early attempt at a UN) produced the Geneva Protocol to prohibit gas and biological warfare; the US refused to join the League of Nations.

In 1947, President Harry Truman withdrew the Geneva Protocol from consideration by Congress.

In 1961, President Kennedy increased spending on chemical weapon development from $75m to $330m.

It was not until 1974 that the US ratified the 1928 Geneva Protocols, having spent the preceding years devastating Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia with Napalm and Agent Orange. Yet, by 1985 the US has resumed open air testing of biological agents and supplied these agents to Iraq for the following four years, during the period in which the Halabja massacre occurred.

In 1989, 140 nations condemned the use of chemical weapons at the Paris Conference, initiated by the US after the Iraqi gas attacks which they were in part responsible for; it was later revealed that the US was producing poison gas even as it signed the treaty.

The latest Chemical Weapons Convention was signed by the US in April 1997 and came into force the same day, and we have seen the level of chemical warfare they have engaged in since that date.

Hypocrisy

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The reality is, if we want to take action against the most dangerous violator of chemical weapons in our world – we need to take on the United States. This in no way excuses the use of chemical weapons by any other state or group.  But a US government that has devastated regions of Iraq with napalm, white phosphorus and depleted uranium must not be allowed to grandstand on the world stage without mention of these outrageous war crimes.  If we are to be serious about such international conventions, they must apply to all nations.

                

SOURCE: SCRIPTONITEDAILY

                        

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Hypocrisy indeed!

Great post, eye opening. How is it that the germans could be dragged into international court, but not our war criminals?

Because the UN is subservient to U.S. and Israel.

Despite a brief stand off during the first year of World War II thanks to fears of reprisals from all sides, chemical weapons were again deployed in 1942.  The Nazi government is said to have used Zyklon-B to gas ‘undesirable’ groups such as Jews, disabled people, mentally ill people and dissenters of the regime.  By the end of the holocaust, millions of ‘undesirables’ had been killed, including 1.5 million children.

Zyklon-B was made to prevent epidemic diseases - Holocaust experts agree upon that regarding 95% of the Zyklon-B. How many Jews were actually provable gassed? In case of Treblinka the Holocaust expert declared in court that he - as the Expert witness - did not have any proof about the "900.000 deaths". The Judge was suprised as he expected at least some ashes from bones to exist, or some photo of the camp. But the Holocaust expert could not present that either. Then the Judge got irritated and warned these Israeli Holocaust experts would appear to be Holocaust denier in the eyes of the world.

"6 MILLION Jews" has been a very incredibly inflated number fabricated by the same Zionist Jews that are actually and really (considering their manipulative deeds with which they control almost everything worth controlling) the rats that have plagued the world for centuries now. Black Death was not as bad as the plague these rats have perpetrated all over the world and, what makes it even worse is the fact that the very people who are inflicted by it are also the ones who deny its existence and laugh it off.

As for Zyklon B, you're right. It was already in use. The batches intended for use in the gas chambers had a different coding. There were variants Zyklon-B and Zyklon-C, and possibly even color-coding of the tins containing them".

And guess what, if we really go into facts then we discover that, in the first place, "Zyklon" is not the name of a gas. The gas itself is Hydrocyanic gas, HCN. "Zyklon" is the name of a commercial product, which is a preparation of HCN specifically for delousing purposes.

A (biased) research,  Raul Hilberg, has also mentioned in his reports that there were a number of variants of Zyklon, graded A to F, with the letters referring to different strengths. People generally even refer to Hilberg's assessment that the variant Zyklon-B was designed specifically for killing human beings. But, again, very few really go to the depths to unearth the real facts and being biased, perhaps, Hilberg avoided doing that and that's why he was not partially but wholly wrong with what he stated. How??....well, because at that time there were only two variants of the commercial product Zyklon, A and B, and the variation was in the method of delivery of the HCN gas, not in constituents.

Zyklon-A consisted of HCN in liquid form, and was designed for spraying onto fruit trees to kill insect pests. For this purpose each tree was enclosed in a tent, to maintain the concentration of HCN in the air surrounding the tree for a sufficient time to kill the pests.

Zyklon-B consisted of HCN adsorbed into a carrier, typically a form of gravel, or a round piece of cardboard, which released the gas when exposed to the air. It was designed for delousing the inside of buildings, and its main advantage was that it released the HCN gradually, thereby REDUCING THE RISK TO HANDLERS.

So, you see, there was no difference in strength between the two variants.

Zyklon-B was the main delousing agent used by the German armed forces, and was also employed extensively in the concentration-camp system, where the prevalence of lice created an enormous health risk. Only an infinitesimal proportion of the Zyklon-B produced and delivered to the various German authorities was ever used for homicidal purposes. Another researcher, Pressac, for example, has estimated that only 5% of the Zyklon-B delivered to the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex was used for killing humans. How did he arrive to this conclusion? Through his calculation which is borne out by the fact that deliveries to Auschwitz were not markedly different in quantity from those to Sachsenhausen, where no mass-gassing program was carried out. So, while receiving same quantities of the material supposedly to kill the Jews, one camp produced millions of dead Jews while the other camp, utilizing the same material, produced none. Is that possible?

A fair research on the validity of Holocaust and all claims associated with it can never happen. Consider the case of Tom Segev who has unraveled many facts and written factual and extensive books on this subject and how authorities have banned him from traveling, banned publication of his books, incarcerated him indefinitely and without charges and so much more to throw his life into turmoil.

Till the time people don't recognize the 'rats' that are orchestrating this 'lethal plague' and dare to combat them as rats should be combatted, our world is doomed and in a fast forward mode.

I.G. Farben

The Buna Chemical Plant at Dwory was under construction by 1943,[36]after a March 2, 1942 contract with "IG Farbenindustrie AG Auschwitz."[37] The Buna Werke plant, which produced synthetic oil andrubber (from coal), was the beginning of SS activity and camps near Auschwitz III-Monowitz during the Holocaust.[citation needed] At its peak in 1944, this factory made use of 83,000 slave laborers.

That is interesting. Auschwitz was a slave labor camp for the Zionist owned I.G. Farben (Of course the Zionists will deny everything)

No assasinations in US? No involvement in Southern Africa and Somalia? A joke?

The author is communicating the leftist view: US Empire, Israel becomes "a pawn" for US (Noam Chomsky)

"US Government" - Not the real story, the "globalists" are running the show, using US taxmoney for supporting their people all over the world.

Mainstream dummification of us (the rulers disappear)

Excellent article thanks for shedding light where there was VERY LITTLE! I see King Ave. was missing but there are serious reasons why that would be. NO ONE EVER LOOKS AT OR WITHIN IT, IT IS THE HEART of IT ALL in many, many AREAS! Each and every area of strife has a very similar if not same presence! If the population had a "hint" of reality there would be HELL TO PAY all around!

Americans don't even need to consider other countries and America's use of chemical weapons there. In fact, Americans don't even need to go too far back in time to recall some instances of usage of chemical weapons, by American authorities, on Americans itself and within American territories. Remember, Occupy protests? Do you also remember Scott Olsen who was injured by a Rubber Ball Blast Grenade thrown by the US cops? The man not only bled but also received chemical burns and all this despite the fact that he was neither chanting anti-US slogans or joining the melee; he was just standing there all by himself and watching the whole commotion.

Now some may ask 'what is a Rubber Ball Blast Grenade?' So this is what it says in a Defense Technology document (available here):

The Rubber Ball Blast Grenade is a maximum effect device as it delivers up to three (3) stimuli for psychological and physiological effect: light, sound, and chemical agent or OC.

However, as with any pyrotechnic device, fire- fighting equipment should be available.

The purpose of the Rubber Ball Blast Grenade is to minimize the risks to all parties through temporary distraction or disorientation of potentially violent or dangerous subjects.

IMPROPER USE OF THE RUBBER BALL BLAST GRENADE CAN RESULT IN DEATH OR SERIOUS BODILY INJURY.

And, in case you have forgotten the proximity of the weapon to the peaceful protestor, here is short video that depicts just that:

 

 

The grenade was tossed within a few feet of the onlooking protestor. In fact, lots of people were injured by the use of chemical weapons fired at protesters and some even won lawsuits that ended up costing Oakland (read - 'taxpayers dollars) over $1,500,000. And Scott Olsen, well, he was nearly killed after being hit in the head by a tear gas canister.

It can be seen in the above video as well that the police dropped a flash bomb in the middle of the group trying to rescue Scott. Isn't that heartless, hateful, brutal, potentially lethal and absolutely unwarranted?

Some may argue that in the beginning of the vid above, the police announced "CHEMICAL AGENTS WILL BE USED" and they may even further the argument by stating that the chemical agent in case of these weapons do not kill people left and right. But, think about it, if the police did not use a chemical agent that kills hundreds (like sarin gas), does it mean the US is at a moral high ground (despite using chemical weapons against Americans on American soil) only because the chemical agents used here don't kill but only injure and maim?  

"The reality is, if we want to take action against the most dangerous violator of chemical weapons in our world – we need to take on the United States."

"Action against USA"  -> domestic terrorism 

(they all have these SWAT teams and prison camps, but there are no terrorists - that is what they need)

"By The US Government" - in secrecy, by the Shadow government

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