Check Out What Really Happened

Fasting triggers stem cell regeneration of damaged, old immune system

Fasting triggers stem cell regeneration of damaged, old immune system 


Protection from chemotherapy immunosuppression indicates effect could be conserved in humans


JUNE 5, 2014

Researcher Valter Longo at workhttps://news.usc.edu/files/2014/06/WEB_Longo3-300x200.jpg 300w, https://news.usc.edu/files/2014/06/WEB_Longo3-600x400.jpg 600w, https://news.usc.edu/files/2014/06/WEB_Longo3.jpg 841w" sizes="(max-width: 824px) 100vw, 824px" />Corresponding author Valter Longo (USC Photo/Dietmar Quistorf)

In the first evidence of a natural intervention triggering stem cell-based regeneration of an organ or system, a study in the June 5 issue of the Cell Stem Cell shows that cycles of prolonged fasting not only protect against immune system damage — a major side effect of chemotherapy — but also induce immune system regeneration, shifting stem cells from a dormant state to a state of self-renewal.

In both mice and a Phase 1 human clinical trial involving patients receiving chemotherapy, long periods of not eating significantly lowered white blood cell counts. In mice, fasting cycles then “flipped a regenerative switch,” changing the signaling pathways for hematopoietic stem cells, which are responsible for the generation of blood and immune systems, the research showed.

The study has major implications for healthier aging, in which immune system decline contributes to increased susceptibility to disease as people age. By outlining how prolonged fasting cycles — periods of no food for two to four days at a time over the course of six months — kill older and damaged immune cells and generate new ones, the research also has implications for chemotherapy tolerance and for those with a wide range of immune system deficiencies, including autoimmunity disorders.

“We could not predict that prolonged fasting would have such a remarkable effect in promoting stem cell-based regeneration of the hematopoietic system,” said corresponding author Valter Longo, Edna M. Jones Professor of Gerontology and the Biological Sciences at the USC Davis School of Gerontology and director of the USC Longevity Institute. Longo has a joint appointment at the USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences.

“When you starve, the system tries to save energy, and one of the things it can do to save energy is to recycle a lot of the immune cells that are not needed, especially those that may be damaged,” Longo said. “What we started noticing in both our human work and animal work is that the white blood cell count goes down with prolonged fasting. Then when you re-feed, the blood cells come back. So we started thinking, well, where does it come from?”

Fasting cycles

Prolonged fasting forces the body to use stores of glucose, fat and ketones, but it also breaks down a significant portion of white blood cells. Longo likens the effect to lightening a plane of excess cargo.

During each cycle of fasting, this depletion of white blood cells induces changes that trigger stem cell-based regeneration of new immune system cells. In particular, prolonged fasting reduced the enzyme PKA, an effect previously discovered by the Longo team to extend longevity in simple organisms and which has been linked in other research to the regulation of stem cell self-renewal and pluripotency — that is, the potential for one cell to develop into many different cell types. Prolonged fasting also lowered levels of IGF-1, a growth-factor hormone that Longo and others have linked to aging, tumor progression and cancer risk.

“PKA is the key gene that needs to shut down in order for these stem cells to switch into regenerative mode. It gives the OK for stem cells to go ahead and begin proliferating and rebuild the entire system,” explained Longo, noting the potential of clinical applications that mimic the effects of prolonged fasting to rejuvenate the immune system. “And the good news is that the body got rid of the parts of the system that might be damaged or old, the inefficient parts, during the fasting. Now, if you start with a system heavily damaged by chemotherapy or aging, fasting cycles can generate, literally, a new immune system.”

Prolonged fasting also protected against toxicity in a pilot clinical trial in which a small group of patients fasted for a 72-hour period prior to chemotherapy, extending Longo’s influential past research.

“While chemotherapy saves lives, it causes significant collateral damage to the immune system. The results of this study suggest that fasting may mitigate some of the harmful effects of chemotherapy,” said co-author Tanya Dorff, assistant professor of clinical medicine at the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and Hospital. “More clinical studies are needed, and any such dietary intervention should be undertaken only under the guidance of a physician.”

“We are investigating the possibility that these effects are applicable to many different systems and organs, not just the immune system,” said Longo, whose lab is in the process of conducting further research on controlled dietary interventions and stem cell regeneration in both animal and clinical studies.

The study was supported by the National Institute of Aging of the National Institutes of Health (grant numbers AG20642, AG025135, P01AG34906). The clinical trial was supported by the V Foundation and the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health (P30CA014089).

Chia Wei-Cheng of USC Davis was first author of the study. Gregor Adams, Xiaoying Zhou and Ben Lam of the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at USC; Laura Perin and Stefano Da Sacco of the Saban Research Institute at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles; Min Wei of USC Davis; Mario Mirisola of the University of Palermo; Dorff and David Quinn of the Keck School of Medicine of USC; and John Kopchick of Ohio University were co-authors of the study.

https://news.usc.edu/63669/fasting-triggers-stem-cell-regeneration-...

Views: 41

Comment

You need to be a member of 12160 Social Network to add comments!

Join 12160 Social Network

 

 

Latest Activity

canadianjoe favorited raymond moody's photo
3 minutes ago
Less Prone favorited Aymii keegan's photo
4 minutes ago
Less Prone favorited James T. Kirk's video
7 minutes ago
Less Prone favorited raymond moody's photo
9 minutes ago
Less Prone posted blog posts
15 minutes ago
Less Prone favorited Maria De Wind's discussion MARIJUANA STOPS THE MIND CONTROL PROGRAMMING
1 hour ago
raymond moody favorited Diana's discussion HORROR! 63 INFANT CORPSES unearthed by police at Detroit funeral home!!
1 hour ago
linda dagosta's blog post was featured

Ted kaczynski's Manifesto read em and weep

Fortunately my son was raised a free thinker not controlled by the school system and he did not become a sheeple he brought this to my attention yesterday and after reading it seriously sums up my thoughts and feelings so was he really a Madman or…See More
1 hour ago
raymond moody posted photos
1 hour ago
Less Prone commented on raymond moody's photo
1 hour ago
Doc Vega commented on Burbia's video
Thumbnail

Inside Nikki Haley's Shocking Speech to Secretive Far-Right Group

"Vast right wing conspiracy? This guy's an asshole! He began from the very start judging the group before even getting into the content of Haley's speech!"
1 hour ago
Less Prone commented on Sweettina2's video
Thumbnail

Federal Judge Releases Benghazi Evidence – Hillary Goes Into Complete Panic

"This twisted world is just another soap opera where we are left with the exasperated face of the villain to wait for another episode, where nothing happens."
1 hour ago
Less Prone commented on Boris Badenov's page HOLY F--K! This missing journalist - Khashoggi - isn’t just a random journalist.
"Bin Salman's dark and tangled web: How Saudi prince looms over the Middle East "The death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi on 2 October has thrown a global spotlight on the approach and actions of Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al…"
1 hour ago
Doc Vega commented on Sweettina2's video
1 hour ago
Doc Vega posted a blog post

Impressions Just Before Dawn

Impressions Before DawnIn the dead of the night the silence of thoughtThese…See More
1 hour ago
Less Prone commented on honeygirl's video
Thumbnail

Former Saudi Princess Exposes the Royal Family

"The Sins of King Fahd, Official Trailer 2016"
1 hour ago
honeygirl's video was featured

Former Saudi Princess Exposes the Royal Family

As the IMF predicts years of austerity for Saudi Arabia, Afshin Rattansi goes underground with a woman who was a former Saudi princess- Janan Harb. A film is...
1 hour ago
raymond moody commented on Burbia's video
1 hour ago
raymond moody commented on Burbia's video
1 hour ago
Less Prone commented on Boris Badenov's photo
1 hour ago

Please remember this website is supported by your donations...

© 2018   Created by truth.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

content and site copyright 12160.info 2007-2015 - all rights reserved. unless otherwise noted