1954

Brown v. Board of Ed is decided

In a major civil rights victory, the U.S. Supreme Court hands down an unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, ruling that racial segregation in public educational facilities is unconstitutional. The historic decision, which brought an end to federal tolerance of racial segregation, specifically dealt with Linda Brown, a young African American girl who had been denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka, Kansas, because of the color of her skin.


In a major civil rights victory, the U.S. Supreme Court hands down an unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, ruling that racial segregation in public educational facilities is unconstitutional. The historic decision, which brought an end to federal tolerance of racial segregation, specifically dealt with Linda Brown, a young African American girl who had been denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka, Kansas, because of the color of her skin.

In 1896, the Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that "separate but equal" accommodations in railroad cars conformed to the 14th Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection. That ruling was used to justify segregating all public facilities, including elementary schools. However, in the case of Linda Brown, the white school she attempted to attend was far superior to her black alternative and miles closer to her home. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) took up Linda’s cause, and in 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka reached the Supreme Court. African American lawyer (and future Supreme Court justice) Thurgood Marshall led Brown’s legal team, and on May 17, 1954, the high court handed down its decision.

In an opinion written by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the nation’s highest court ruled that not only was the “separate but equal” doctrine unconstitutional in Linda’s case, it was unconstitutional in all cases because educational segregation stamped an inherent badge of inferiority on African American students. A year later, after hearing arguments on the implementation of their ruling, the Supreme Court published guidelines requiring public school systems to integrate “with all deliberate speed.”

The Brown v. Board of Education decision served to greatly motivate the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s and ultimately led to the abolishment of racial segregation in all public facilities and accommodations.



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Brown v. Board of Ed is decided

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OP's NOTE: This was huge, the Brown decision, also effected Prince Edward County Va, article above fails to mention this. I personally saw this place splinter into two groups, the Segregation was Full On!!! Black State-Funded School (R.R Moton School) ,vs a newly, hastily constructed White, Private school (P.E Academy), they never had it set as "No Blacks Allowed" publicly, they just kept the tuition too high for the low income black families to afford it. The Black bar (Reid's), across the street from the White bar (The Stag Room) The Black market (Economy Supermarket) vs white market (A&P), I can remember being at A&P, when 1st month or two of moving down here to the South from white bread town in the Allegheny Mountains of Pennsylvania , I was just 4, but had learned to read somewhat, basic words anyways, there was the 1st aisle to the left was your butchers,meats,meat refrigerators, etc. well against the wall next to a display cooler was a typical ol-school (present-school then) refrigerated water fountain, on the face of it, there was a piece of notebook paper scotch-taped to it, it had "White Only" scrawled across it. Well my 4yo, analytical mind starting to try to comprehend what that meant. I thought for sure I figured it out in 5 seconds. The floors, walls, ceiling, coolers, refrig's, butchers aprons,counter display's were ALL WHITE!!! WoW, I'm a fargin 4 year old genius!! So now I made it my new job to stand at the front of that aisle and police it to where only people who wore white was going to be allowed to go down Meat Row... that's about the time, me mum figured out what I was doing and ended my "Aisle of White" Career instantly. "....Ahhhhh..But I just wanted to help mama"

....D'ohhh

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Comment by James Roberts on May 17, 2019 at 7:13pm

It was a favored joke among the skinheads in Cincinnati in the late 80s to do one's best "You may be a redneck" accent, and talk about "White Pear" (White Power).

But Betty White outdid us all with her campaign slogan for her run for US President, LOL:

Comment by Diana on May 17, 2019 at 10:15am

They now demand segregation.  Proof there is always something to protest.

"Black students demand segregated spaces from white students   Black college students across the country have demanded that they be segregated from white peers, calling for “safe spaces” on campuses meant only for so-called students of color."  www.thecollegefix.com/black-students-demand-segregated-spaces-white...

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