Age of Aquarius, Age of Genocide and Persecution Like None Other

Age of Aquarius, Age of Genocide and Persecution Like None Other

"Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake." -Matthew 24:9

 

"yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service." -John 16:2b

 

"Countless people will hate the new world order and will die protesting against it" -H.G. Wells, The New World Order

 

This is a world revolution, a world revolution against the OLD world order.

 

It is important to note that the old world order is everything we are currently entrapped and enslaved in. It is important that the system creates absolute polar opposites to what we are currently used to, that way when the NEW world order comes, they can con as many people as they can into accepting this system. And I bet they will, the lack of understanding of how the world works to the average person nowadays is minimal, at best. For this to happen they must establish the challenges that humanity faces, which they have done, and most of them engineered by them. Remember, problem-reaction-solution right?

 

Many people do not like the problems that plague us in this world. Wars, famine, plagues, poverty, hatred towards your fellow man, greed, corruption, the list goes on and on. And what would people say the cause of these problems are? Most would say, Capitalism and Religion. Why is this important? We all know the NWO are the masters of propaganda. They control public opinion. So why so much hatred towards capitalism and religion? Because, they plan to destroy both. They plan to implement a one world socialist dictatorship, and a one world religion right behind the dictator. This has been the agenda for years, and is directly prophesied to happen in the scripture.

 

One of the initial things to happen, probably as a result of some global crisis, will be a one world government. Their aim will be to force everyone to accept a satanic mark on their right hand or forehead in order to buy or sell (Rev 13:16-17).

 

(taken from The Bible predicts two one world leaders or Antichrists who will rule the entire world (Rev 13, Dan 7:8, 11, 23). One will be the main leader, or the Beast, while the other, the False Prophet, will perform miracles and force the world to worship the Beast and his Image. The False Prophet, whose number is 666, will enforce the mark, which could be a tattoo or computer chip. Initially they will promise peace, and deceive many that they are good. They will reign for 7 Jewish (360 day) years, after they sign a treaty with many people. The day the agreement is signed will begin the 7 year tribulation (Dan 9:27). During that period, there will be tribulation on the earth worse then any ever before (Math 24:21). They will reign over 10 powers initially, and later they will gain more power and overthrow 3 of them (Dan 7:7, 8, 20, 24, Rev 13:1, Rev 17:13, 14). In the middle of the 7 year tribulation, 1260 days after the agreement is signed, the Beast will break the agreement, gain ultimate control and enter the temple he built, claiming to be God and blaspheming against God (Dan 9:27, 7:25, Rev13:5, Rev 11:2, 2Thes 2:3-9). At this time he will stop Jewish sacrifices in this temple he promised the Jews. There will be widespread genocide and persecution, especially of Christians and people who don't worship the Beast or his Image, which the False Prophet will cause to speak (Rev 13:15). The world leaders will deceive many, as the Beast is prophesied to be put to death and later regain life again (Rev 13:3, 12). The world leaders will form a more cruel dictatorship than any before them (Dan 7:7).http://www.truechristianity.com/prophecy/)

 

From my research, I have come to the conclusion that the ever so popular Internet film Zeitgeist is nothing more than NWO propaganda. I often times hear people after watching Zeitgeist, particularly the sequel, Zeitgeist Addendum go from being against a NWO to being for it, but only if it was headed by different people. The film mainly focuses on attacking religion, specifically Christianity, the monetary system and the capitalistic system as a whole. “A world government would be good, we need to integrate and work together to provide a more stable future for humanity or we might die off.” This is the ever so important mindset the powers that be want us to think. This concept of “Evolve or die” is being pushed on the masses through many New Age gurus. The major threats sprouting up that could threaten humanity’s very existence in the future. These threats are:

  • Global warming, energy saving  (according to them)
  • Religious wars ending in nuclear holocaust, particularly in the middle east
  • Monetary system (they will lump it as “Capitalism”) and world economic system as a whole collapsing

 

What a coincidence these major concerns among people are specifically addressed in Zeitgeist and offered a viable, yet plausible, solution. The beginning part of the first movie attacks Religion, most notably Christianity, alleging that the story of Jesus of Nazareth was just another deity that has the same story and similarities from other “sun gods” throughout history. Some of these “sun gods” include Horus, Krishna, Attis, and Dionysus. There is a website, www.zeitgeistchallenge.com that offers $1000 USD to anybody who can prove all the claims in Joseph’s film are correct and accurate. Joseph boldly states these assertions with literally no sources, and many people have done active debunking concerning these claims. This claim is false, and if you do the research you will find these stories have more differences than similarities with the Jesus of Nazareth. Here are a few links you can visit to find out the Truth about this subject. The Youtube video I recommend watching is Zeitgeist Refuted Final Cut.

 

http://www.blackapologetics.com/bamanswerantiquity.html

  • A Critique of the Christ Conspiracy, by Mike Licona

http://www.bethinking.org/bible-jesus/the-christ-conspiracy.pdf

 

Anybody who has been deceived into thinking Christianity has been borrowed from ancient pagan religions, watch

  • Jordan Maxwell (The Naked Truth) Debunked by Benjamin Stanhope

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OxEaxu-dA3g

  • MANY OF ZECHARIAH SITCHIN’S CLAIMS ARE FALSE!! GO TO

www.sitchiniswrong.com

 

That website above is EXCELLENT for many people who have questions on the Bible and supposed similarities of the ancient texts. This topic is very important as I believe the new world religion will be paganized Christianity teaching that Jesus was just the SUN of God for the Piscean Age and now we have to have another NEW world teacher (The Christ) for the coming Aquarian Age.  It is important to note that for the most part all of the world’s religions are eagerly waiting for this new world teacher. The Buddhists are waiting for the fifth Buddha, the Hindus are waiting for the return of Krishna, the Jews are still waiting for their messiah, the Muslims are waiting for their Imam Mahdi to come and TEACH them a new form of Islam, and many New Agers know that the world needs a world teacher to teach the “Truth” as they would call it, which is the ancient mysteries and the New Age/Luciferian doctrine/philosophy.

When asked about the end times in Matthew chapter 24, Jesus responded 4And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.

 5For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.

 

Later in the chapter he reiterates this point:

 23Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.

 24For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. 

 

Luke chapter 21 verse 8, it is also important to note that many New Agers refer to themselves as “I AM”. God reserves this name specifically for himself in Exodus 3:14 by telling Moses “I AM THAT I AM” when asked who he is.

 8And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I AM Christ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.

 

This is happening because many people look at Jesus as a representation of what we can become if we spiritually evolve ourselves. Take a look at Luke 2, 10-11

 10And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.

 11For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

 

Here it plainly says that Jesus is the messiah, the Christ, just as he was coming out of the womb. So this should tell you that he wasn’t a master of the mystery religions, or he wasn’t the greatest wizard that walked on earth, and he isn’t what we can become. He didn’t come to be a great teacher, although he was one. He didn’t come down to show us how we can achieve his “Christ Consciousness” like Oprah will tell you. He came down to die for our sins, so that we could receive forgiveness from an all-powerful holy God. We all need God’s forgiveness and mercy ladies and gentlemen, and we don’t realize how wicked we really are. Imagine God taking you and showing you every single act against somebody you’ve ever done and making you feel exactly how they felt. This is common in near-death experiences. Think about it this way, if somebody killed your child, and a judge said well you are clearly guilty. But because I am a LOVING judge, I’ll let you go with no punishment. That’s not very fair to the victim and the family/friends. No, a LOVING God would punish the perpetrator so that the family and friends receive justice for their kid being slaughtered.

 

Anyway, back to the scripture. The Bible foretells of the Antichrist(The beast) and the false prophet performing lying signs and miracles to deceive the whole world. It speaks of this many times.

 

2 Thessalonians 2:9 "Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,"

 

Revelation 13:

{11} And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.

 {12}And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

{13}And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men,

{14}And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

{15}And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed.

 

Revelation 19:

 {19}And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.

 {20}And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

 

Revelation 16:

{13}And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

 {14}For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

 

Notice the whole world above is doing miracles, and they are not from your "inner self"... They are not from the "collective consciousness", they are from devils.

 

 Matthew 24:24 "For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect."

 

Even the very elect might be deceived, that shows you how strong this deception really is.

 

Deuteronomy 18:9-13 says regarding a variety of subjects dealing with magic and sorcery,

9When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.

 {10}There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch.

 {11}Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

 {12}For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.

 {13}Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God.”

 

Why does our Creator not want us doing this? Is it because he wants to keep us from contacting these ascended masters who are bringing us knowledge so that we can attain Godhood? No, these things are lying to you. This lie that you can be God can be traced back to the original sin. What was the original sin? Adam and Eve eating from the tree of knowledge, which God clearly told them not to eat from, as they will surely die. How did the serpent deceive Eve into eating from the tree of knowledge? Genesis 3:4-5 says, “ 4And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

 5For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.”

 

The New Age lie is just the original lie repackaged. It is Satan’s carrot he puts in front of the masses to deceive them into accepting this philosophy that we are all God. It’s the original lie, but it’s such a good lie, because he can deceive people through supernatural experiences to make them think they have an inner power inside them. There was an experiment done in Because we are living in such turbulent times, if people are promised Godhood and don’t receive because our “collective consciousness” is not in complete unity, there will be an attempt to eradicate the non-believers or those who are unwilling to participate in the ritual, thus leading to a genocide and persecution on a level this world has never before seen.

To a Christian, the Masonic equation of God with humanity recalls the lie of the Serpent in the Garden of Eden, when the Serpent told Adam and Eve, "Ye shall be as gods" (Gen. 3:5). As we know, humanity again attempted to become like God at Babylon after the Great Flood, whence Mystery Babylon was born. Freemasonry has adopted the belief of Mystery Babylon that God and man are the same.

 

So let’s separate Christianity from all other religions

  • Christianity is does not teach works based salvation
  • Christianity says their messiah has already come
  • Christianity exalts God as a holy, separate entity that is made perfect in love, but is separated from us by sin
  • Christianity makes it very clear that you are in no way, shape or form a God and that all the power comes from Jesus Christ, and in this function separates Christianity from the New Age as being the one and only religion that teaches this. Even muslims are very New Agey, believing in the pagan moon God Allah and even their kabba is on a major ley line, which is another common belief in the new age.

 

After we have clearly separated Christianity as being an allegory for the New Age, the individual is left with 2 possibilities. That the God of the Bible is the loving God as the Bible portrays that wants the best for humanity, that our heaven is after we die, and that his laws are designed to instill maximum freedom for us while we are here our short time on Earth. But the contrary is exactly what Theosophy teaches, that the God of the Bible is the enemy, and that he is trying to keep man from becoming Gods.. This is why Lucifer is coming to save us (with knowledge) from this evil oppressive force who kept Adam and Eve prisoner in the Garden of Eden. This is exactly what the Illuminati and the freemasons believe, that man can become God. Given the links to Theosophy and Freemasonry we have described earlier, you can come to a conclusion many high level freemasons are luciferians. 

 

The theosophists themselves admit that they are going to indoctrinate the world into witchcraft and the one world religion of mystery babylon. Check this quote out by Alice Bailey, founder of the Lucis Trust publishing company and many would argue, the mother of the New Age movement behind Blavatsky,

 

"There is no question therefore that the work to be done in familiarizing the general public with the nature of the Mysteries is of paramount importance at this time. These mysteries will be restored to outer expression through the medium of the Church and the Masonic Fraternity… When the Great One comes with His disciples and initiates we shall have (after a period of intensive work on the physical plane beginning around the year 1940) the restoration of the Mysteries and their exoteric presentation, as a consequence of the first initiation. Why can this be so? Because the Christ, as you know, is the Hierophant of the first and second initiations and He will, if the preparatory work is faithfully and well done, administer the first initiation in the inner sanctuaries of those two bodies. Many faithful workers will, during His period of work on earth, take this first initiation, and some few will take the second. The race has now reached a point where many souls are on the Probationary Path and need but the heightening of their vibration (made possible by His Presence) to reach the portal of the Path itself." -Alice Bailey, Externalization of the Hierarchy p273

 

You see, there is simply no room for Christians in the New World Order. We will not adopt socialism, we will not adopt a New Age religion under Lucifer. We will not worship the beast and his image. We stand on the Word of God, the rock that Jesus told us we should build our house on at the end of Matthew 7. We Christians are "too judgemental" and "unaccepting of others beliefs" to fit into the New Age of Aquarius.

 

“The hierarchy is struggling hard with the so-called “forces of evil”, and the new group of world servers is the instrument… These forces of evil… the entrenched ancient ideals… which must now disappear if the New Age is to be ushered in as desired”

“The old established rhythms, inherent to the old forms of religion, of politics and of social order, must give place to newer ideals, to the synthetic understanding, and to the new order.” -Alice Bailey, founder of the New Age movement, Externalization of the Hierarchy

 

"We are now entering a period of fantastic change, and the happening of events are speeding up all the time. We have two challenges here in front of us... people [have to] get access to that information, and start to realize who they really are and the nature of life, then we can go into stage 2 which is the Incredible Consciousness shift that is going to happen (and is happening with many people already, but can happen for everybody if we open up to the knowledge of whats going on and to do that the edifies of suppression has to go{meaning religion, specifically Christianity}. What I see so often in the New Age movement, is that they're focusing on the second but they're in denial of the first. And the second is not going to happen for many people unless we remove the suppression." David Icke, Love Changes Everything

 

"Lavedi Lafferty and Bud Hollowell, two New Agers, started the discussion about how their religion sanctions the use of violence against the Christian community. They wrote the following in their book, entitled The Eternal Dance: 'This is a time of opportunity for those who will take it [[apparently] meaning the New Agers [the Initiates of the Mystery Religions, Socialists].] For others [apparently the Christians] if the earth is unsuitable for them [if they will not accept the New Age religion] they will go on to other worlds.'"

 

"Another New Age spokesman, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the 'guru' sought out by the rock 'n roll group known as the Beatles [and others], has been quoted as saying: "There has not been and there will not be a place for the unfit...The fit will lead, and if the unfit are not coming along [if they will not accept the New Age religion] there is no place for them.

 

"The concept that a new race of people will inhabit the world in the New Age millennium has been expressed by other believers in the religion. Ruth Montgomery, previously mentioned, has written about that change: 'Those who survive the shift will be a different type of people from those in physical form today, freed from strife and hatred, longing to be of service to the whole of mankind...the souls who helped to bring on the chaos of the present century [apparently the Christians and the Jews] will have passed into spirit to rethink their attitudes.'

 

"To show that the New Agers are talking about the physical death of the 'enemy', one must only search the writings of other New Agers. Another believer to write on the subject of the destruction of those who will not accept the new religion was Ruth Montgomery. [And] she has been quoted as saying in a transcribed interview carried by a magazine called Magical Blend: 'Millions will survive and millions won’t. Those who won’t will go into the spirit state because there is truly no death.'

 

And my personal favorite,

“Out of the full spectrum of human personality, one-fourth is electing to transcend…One-fourth is ready to so choose, given the example of one other…One-fourth is resistant to election. They are unattracted by life ever-evolving. One-fourth is destructive. They are born angry with God…They are defective seeds…There have always been defective seeds. In the past they were permitted to die a ‘natural death’…We, the elders, have been patiently waiting until the very last moment before the quantum transformation, to take action to cut out this corrupted and corrupting element in the body of humanity. It is like watching a cancer grow…Now, as we approach the quantum shift from creature-human to co-creative human—the human who is an inheritor of god-like powers—the destructive one-fourth must be eliminated from the social body. We have no choice, dearly beloveds. It is a case of the destruction of the whole planet, or the elimination of the ego-driven, godless one-fourth who, at this time of planetary birth, can, if allowed to live on to reproduce their defective disconnection, destroy forever the opportunity of Homo sapiens to become Homo universalis, heirs of God…Before this stage of power can be inherited by the God-centered members of the social body, the self-centered members must be destroyed…Fortunately you, dearly beloveds, are not responsible for this act. We are. We are in charge of God’s selection process for planet Earth. He selects, we destroy. We are the riders of the pale horse, Death. We come to bring death to those who are unable to know God…The riders of the pale horse are about to pass among you. Grim reapers, they will separate the wheat from the chaff. This is the most painful period in the history of humanity…” - Barbara Marx Hubbard, New Age Guru/Futurist/Socialist

 

Oprah and her new age guru, Eckhardt Tolle, has advocated "Evolve or die", basically saying that if the human race does not evolve into the new world order, we will die as a species. They cannot evolve with us Christians "holding them back".

 

Another thing that's important to note is science is now in agreement with the new age, particularly quantum physics. Even though we have just delved into this realm, many new agers take the position that because we, just by observing something are changing it, that means that we can physically change it in our realities through our huge field of "one consciousness". The way you tap into this altered consciousness field or "christ consciousness" is by getting yourself into an altered state of consciousness, the primary ways of doing this is through deep mind clearing meditation, drugs like DMT, mushrooms, acid, and marijuana will stimulate this effect. This is dangerous, God prohibits tapping into altered states because it is a doorway for demons to come through and influence you, not only that but talk with you and teach you things and make you speak out about things. There are NUMEROUS examples of people speaking with these beings and all the sudden they found out they weren't as "nice" as they thought they would be. Here is a quick example, Terence Mckenna, who was a huge DMT head and is pretty well known in the conspiracy movement for creating the program "Timewave Zero" which is based off the I CHING which predicts that Dec 21st, 2012 will be a huge day in human history. He had a personal experience with this "mushroom" he was talking to and he asked this thing how we can save the world. The thing responded "every person should be allowed to parent only once".....

 

.......

Then Mckenna, as nice sounding as he could say it, basically agrees with this "mushroom" and talks for like 8 minutes about this justifying a policy that the communists have tried to implement for centuries now, with the only possible way of enforcement being murder.

 

Timothy Leary claims to have been picked by Aleister Crowley. He claims to "carry on Aleister Crowley's work". Aleister Crowley was one of the most wicked men that ever lived on this planet, and a high level satanist. In his book "Magick: In Theory and Practice", he gives step by step instructions on how to sacrifice animals and humans inside a pentagram. In order to achieve the "highest spiritual working" he says, you have to sacrifice a small young boy, preferably of high intelligence. He had been talking with interdimensional entities his whole life and absolutely hated Christianity.

 

 

The more you investigate these interdimensional beings, the more you will realize they are not nice. They are promoting a new world order of lawlessness. The Bible calls the antichrist "the man of lawlessness".

 

Turn to Jesus, He wants you to be saved and receive forgiveness of sins. Your true Creator is calling you, turn to Him and He will release you from this enslavement of the world, and sin. 

How do I get saved? Turn from your sin, receive Jesus as your personal Lord and savior. For more info visit, http://cuttingedge.org/salvation.html

 

I host a weekly podcast called "Escape the Beast" on the Mystery Babylon Rising Radio Network, if you'd like to listen to my previous shows, I upload them in high quality at www.escapethebeast.podomatic.com, or if you'd like to check out my website, it is www.escapethebeast.com

 

Thank you all,

-Trey Alderson-Cloutier

 

1 Peter 5:8 "Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:"

Views: 1093

Comment

You need to be a member of 12160 Social Network to add comments!

Join 12160 Social Network

Latest Activity

Diana left a comment for Gene Kay
3 minutes ago
Diana favorited dogitydog's discussion Dollars For Docs
4 minutes ago
Sink Chicken commented on Boris Badenov's page TSA says it no longer tracks regular travelers as if they may be terrorists
"Why do we need TSA?"
23 minutes ago
Sink Chicken commented on Anti Oligarch's video
Thumbnail

Jews must breed with Jews only to keep the chosen race pure or, .. face prison

"Who is it that wants to keep their race pure while encouraging diversity among the white races?"
27 minutes ago
Sink Chicken commented on Boris Badenov's video
Thumbnail

Jaw dropping capabilities of newest generation CGI software (Houdini 17)

"Will we be able to believe anything we see on the news anymore?"
28 minutes ago
Steven Luzian Taylor commented on Anti Oligarch's video
Thumbnail

Jews must breed with Jews only to keep the chosen race pure or, .. face prison

"Disgusting zionazi racist fucks. They turn more and more into Nazi-Israel..."
1 hour ago
the mighty bull commented on KLC's group MUSICWARS
1 hour ago
Mark Sanders commented on Boris Badenov's page TSA says it no longer tracks regular travelers as if they may be terrorists
""The rest of our unconstitutional behavior will continue, however.""
2 hours ago
Mark Sanders commented on Boris Badenov's page A new Democratic bill would block lawmakers from buying and selling individual stocks while in office Two Senate Democrats introduced a bill on Wednesday to prevent members of Congress from trad
"I always heard insider trading in Congress was legal. It's certainly common. Other than bribery, how else do we explain so many of these jokers becoming millionaires during their time in office? "
3 hours ago
Marklar's Ghost commented on jim's blog post Welcome to the Future ! GROSS.... Tasting the World’s First Test-Tube Steak
"I was born a slurry of toxified vegetable matter but I identify as meat and my personal pronoun is Meatster."
3 hours ago
the mighty bull posted videos
3 hours ago
Marklar's Ghost commented on truth's blog post Thanks to those whom welcome new members - You Rock
"I've been getting no notifications lately and can't figure out why they stopped. Changed my account to a different email now so maybe that will help reset the notifications though nothing even ended up in my spam so it has to be a NING…"
3 hours ago
Diana's discussion was featured

Migrant Groups Have a $50,000 Demand - Not Satire

Migrants groups are now demanding the American taxpayer pay them $50,000 to return home.From foxnews.com(FOX NEWS) - Two groups of Central American migrants marched to the U.S. Consulate in Tijuana on Tuesday with a list of demands, with one group…See More
5 hours ago
truth's blog post was featured

Thanks to those whom welcome new members - You Rock

It really is appreciated by me and many others here. My question is why others do not.See More
5 hours ago
Profile Icon6 new members joined during the past week
5 hours ago
Boris Badenov commented on truth's photo
Thumbnail

12160 turns 10 Years Old !! DEC 26th

"The red headed step child of the infowar"
5 hours ago

Please remember this website is supported by your donations...

© 2018   Created by truth.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

content and site copyright 12160.info 2007-2015 - all rights reserved. unless otherwise noted