HIV Adapts to ‘Escape’ Immune Response

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) adapts so well to the body's defense system that any successful AIDS vaccine must keep pace with the ever-changing immunological profile of the virus, according to researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and the University of Oxford in England.

A new study better describes HIV's ability to adapt by spelling out at least 14 different "escape mutations" that help keep the virus alive after it interacts genetically with immunity molecules that normally attack HIV.

The researchers analyzed genetic data from more than 2,800 HIV-infected patients on five continents. The findings are published online in the journal Nature.

"Key genetic regions of HIV introduced into individuals of different ancestry in different places have been evolving to a greater or lesser degree according to inherited factors controlling immune response," said Richard Kaslow, M.D., a professor in the UAB School of Public Health and a co-author of the study. "If HIV adapts differently in genetically distinct hosts, the challenge ahead in vaccine design is formidable," he said.

AVOIDING DESTRUCTION

The researchers looked at different DNA variations of HIV in conjunction with different forms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA), a group of molecules that orchestrate immune response. Normally HLA molecules present fragments of HIV proteins on the surface of infected cells to the immune system, acting as a signal for HIV destruction.

The Nature study shows just how efficiently the virus evolves escape mutations that help infected cells avoid destruction, Kaslow said. HLA genes themselves vary considerably across populations, most likely due to many biological and environmental factors that researchers are just beginning to understand.

The future of vaccine exploration will need to address the escape mutation capacity and identify new drug targets that work against an ever-changing HIV immunology landscape, said Philip Goulder, M.D., a professor of immunology at the University of Oxford and the study's senior author.

The study was a partnership between researchers at UAB; the University of Oxford; Kumamoto University in Japan; the James Martin 21st Century School in Oxford, England; Royal Perth Hospital and Murdoch University in Western Australia; Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston; Emory University in Atlanta; the International Medical Center of Japan in Tokyo; Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital in Badalona, Spain; the University of West Indies in Bridgetown, Barbados; the Botswana-Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative in Gaborone, Botswana; the Imperial College in London; the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban, South Africa; the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, Canada; the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, MD.

Funding came from the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the Wellcome Trust, the U.K. Medical Research Council, the U.K. National Institutes for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre Programme and the Mark and Lisa Schwartz Foundation.

Media Contact


Troy Goodman
(205) 934-8938
tdgoodman@uab.edu

Living with HIV/Aids in the Gulf
In most countries, the social stigma that accompanies living with HIV/Aids often leaves victims isolated. A number of countries deny residency permits to foreigners carrying the virus and most of the Gulf Arab states automatically deport those found to be HIV positive. Al Jazeera's Charles Stratford reports on the policy choices before the region's health authorities.

Views: 50

Comment

You need to be a member of 12160 Social Network to add comments!

Join 12160 Social Network

Comment by Apostle Shada Mishe on March 2, 2009 at 8:11pm
THE CURE for HIV/AIDS.......AMBUSH

THE IDEA that AMBUSH cures AIDS
is being proven by the more than 400 individuals who have taken a dose of 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. The result is that AMBUSH 'KILLS' the virus by causing the protein envelope to rupture and the viral particles are discarded by the white blood cells. AMBUSH is able to 'KILL' the virus that are 'hiding' in the lymph system by its 'natural radioactive' properties. This process allows the body to 'return to normal health' with a corresponding immunity to that or those strains of the virus.

What is AMBUSH ?
AMBUSH is a radioactive isotope of uranium that is found in the 'palm' plant of which there are more than 3000 species. When ingested, AMBUSH causes the body temperature in the trunk area to rise to about 102 degrees when the individual is sleeping. The preparation takes four hours per batch, which is then given to the individuals for consumption 60 ml three times daily for 21 days. AMBUSH is a herbal preparation in this form but it contains an active ingredient which is a 'NEW' crystalline substance, a drug from the 'palm plant' similarly to ASPIRIN originating from the willow tree bark

RESULTS:
After 21 days on AMBUSH, ALL the individuals experienced a decrease in viral load to undetectable, an increase in cd4, increase in RBC, an improvement in general health such as more color to the face, decrease in Buffalo hump, an increase in gluteal muscles, a decrease to having no joint pains whereby individuals can bend to touch their toes, and walk up steps are but a few examples. There is also a dramatic increase in their sexual appetite beginning after the first week of therapy

DISCUSSION:
In any plant concoction such as percolated 'tea', there are 30-40,000 compounds, whi ch would take the scientific community twenty years to isolate one particular ingredient if they knew what they were looking for. The LORD GOD has given me seven steps to isolate the active ingredient, which is soft and metallic in nature and has a carbon- uranium-sulfur-(classified)-phentolamine configuration or structure. This is similar to Federick Kekule and the discovery of the benzene ring where he dreamt the structure.

As an antiviral and 'natural radioactivity' producing agent, AMBUSH is also effective against leukemia, lupus and HPV. Here I am saying that I have 'GIVEN' AMBUSH in the same 'strength' and dosage to patients with leukemia, lupus and HPV. A 35 year old male with HIV found it difficult to impossible to urinate was put on 'green tea' and water while the doctors contemplated prostrate surgery. One of the doctors gave him my number , I sent him a supply of AMBUSH an d he has not been given any more ARV's, since taking AMBUSH 18 months ago, is in 'good' health and has expressed a willingness to be examined by HIV investigators like many others who have taken AMBUSH.

I have sent this 'IDEA' to most HIV research agencies, scientist of the field, universities, hospitals, clinics, politicians and news agencies to which it is REJECTED because the name of THE LORD GOD is mentioned. He has steered me scientifically through the processes such as which plant and how to produce the active ingredient. What are the odds of a Florida Pharmacist picking a plant would contain the CURE for HIV/AIDS ?
I have never charged any of the people for their supply of AMBUSH but a life saving has been spent on the project with NO renumeration from any sources because AMBUSH falls outside the walls of modern medicine and research.

PROPOSAL:

My proposal is that I PROVE that AMBUSH CURES HIV/AIDS by giving it to a number of END-STAGE or DRUG-RESISTANT people and the scientific community watches their recovery. This proposal addresses the problem in that I have already outlaid the results to be obtained.

This IDEA is unconventional in that the scientific community has rejected AMBUSH because I say it is GOD given. Secondly if I wrote it according to certain standards, then it might be peer reviewed. However, THE LORD GOD has also shown me that there are five enzyme systems associated with the virus, reverse transcriptase, protease, fusion and two more of which causes the virus to be AIRBOURNE. This means that without DIVINE intervention mankind and ALL warm- blooded mammals will be extinct in a number of years.

The PROOF of what I am saying is found in scientific papers wherein it is found that when the protease cuts the viral strands, it cuts it at DIFFERENT lengths EVERY time, to which it should always be a valine at the end but is a different amino acid every time. This is why it is IMPOSSIBLE to produce a VACCINE.

Since this is NOT a hypothesis but there are about 400 individuals who have taken AMBUSH, here lies a vast area in which to check, recheck and confirm that AMBUSH CURES AIDS. Let it be mentioned that during the HIV reproductive cycle, reverse transcriptase converts viral RNA into DNA compatible to human genetic materials. Thus the human DNA has been 'hijacked' and since each person has a DIFFERENT DNA, then the new viral copy is unique to that person which shows that each individual has a DIFFERENT STRAIN of the virus. Consider two HIV positive people swapping viral strains and increasing its complexity with multiple partners.
It can also be proposed that they be revisited as proof that the strain or strains that they had were 'killed' at the time of taking AMBUSH considering that a person can catch as many different strains as there are people who are infected by HIV.
I am also willing to work with the scientific community in identifying those individuals who took AMBUSH and wish to be identified with this process notwithstanding that some are stigmatized while others are jubilant,

Once AMBUSH is verified as being able to accomplish that which is aforementioned then the next stage might be the natural and artificial synthesis of the substance.

Finally, if this is accepted or not, believed or not, THE LORD GOD always wins and this is the heavenly truth to which AMBUSH was divinely given to mankind for the CURE of HIV/AIDS and it will be here forever. Apostle Shada Mishe.

apostleshadamishe@gmail.com

Here is a video taped presentation that I gave at t he Martin Luther King library in Washington

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8V53D1w__Po
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPwuwlVBOV0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZejptOwMTzQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqcTgIAhrhc
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7HPKcT_iwY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W9iQfgiYAnw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3RzRS6tJDM

"Destroying the New World Order"

Latest Activity

rlionhearted_3 posted photos
21 minutes ago
Less Prone commented on Tara jackson's photo
Thumbnail

tumblr_mq291qw7uN1st8sito1_500

"DOC, Nothing should be use as an excuse for that. The world is run by them."
58 minutes ago
Less Prone favorited Old Denmark's blog post Argentina and Uruguay left without power in massive outage affecting 48 million people
1 hour ago
Burbia commented on Less Prone's video
Thumbnail

HIP HOP ILLUMINATI 101 - YOUNG MONKEYS - Illuminati- Pawns

"The Tall Israeli Who Runs Hip Hop: An Investigation into Engineered Culture and Bankers Markab…"
1 hour ago
Burbia commented on Doc Vega's blog post One Step Beyond: The Moss People
"K u tard. "
2 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on Diana's photo
Thumbnail

How It Works

"Ask yourself when enough is enough? This old bitch's husband does hundreds of millions of…"
2 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on Diana's photo
Thumbnail

How It Works

"This has been out for some time. The Democrats used this same tactic to validate the Steel Dossier!…"
3 hours ago
Doc Vega favorited Diana's photo
3 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on Doc Vega's blog post One Step Beyond: The Moss People
"Burbia, after you finish jacking off with your hairy sock next time, take and pull the sock…"
3 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on Tara jackson's photo
Thumbnail

tumblr_mq291qw7uN1st8sito1_500

"Well, I wouldn't use this statement as an excuse for being an asshole. We have enough of those…"
3 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on J. Patriot's video
Thumbnail

The Truth about Syria's Golan Heights and #GenieEnergy

"I just have to say about Syrians, Somalis, and other Muslim people. It seems their are hot heads!…"
3 hours ago
Doc Vega commented on J. Patriot's video
Thumbnail

The Truth about Syria's Golan Heights and #GenieEnergy

"Excuse me, Syrian Girl, you got your history wrong! It was not Israel who started the Six Day…"
3 hours ago
oldranger_68 favorited Burbia's photo
3 hours ago
Old Denmark posted a blog post

Argentina and Uruguay left without power in massive outage affecting 48 million people

Argentina and Uruguay left without power in massive outageSunday 16 June 2019 12:51, UKArgentina…See More
3 hours ago
Less Prone commented on Less Prone's blog post ‘They will pay a price’: Bolton says US has expanded ‘offensive cyber operations’ against Russia
"U.S. Escalates Online Attacks on Russia’s Power Grid  Way to go, this is how we build…"
6 hours ago
Less Prone favorited J. Patriot's video
6 hours ago

© 2019   Created by truth.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service

content and site copyright 12160.info 2007-2019 - all rights reserved. unless otherwise noted