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(Original Content) Massive Explosive Potential in Louisiana and Gulf of Mexico. Doomsday? Part II

In Part I, I set forth the many dangers fraught within Louisiana, and .... I put together the dangers of 'Fracking', and it's relationship with the North American Craton Plate, and the exponential earthquakes caused by the usage of hydraulic fracturing around the edges of this U.S. core plate. By using the ingredients they use to fracture the Earth to extract gas, they insure that the lower half of the North American Craton Plate is well lubricated.

Here is a listing of the chemicals contained within Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids:

Hydrochloric Acid

Glutaraldehyde

Quaternary Ammonium Chloride

Quaternary Ammonium Chloride

Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl-Phosphonium Sulfate

Ammonium Persulfate

Sodium Chloride

Magnesium Peroxide

Magnesium Oxide

Calcium Chloride

Choline Chloride

Tetramethyl ammonium chloride

Sodium Chloride

Isopropano

Methanol

Formic Acid

Acetaldehyde

Petroleum Distillate

Hydrotreated Light Petroleum Distillate

Potassium Metaborate

Triethanolamine Zirconate

Sodium Tetraborate

Boric Acid

Zirconium Complex

Borate Salts

Ethylene Glycol

This is only about half the listing of chemicals, and the rest, as well as, their chemical (CAS) listing and usages are found at: http://fracfocus.org/chemical-use/what-chemicals-are-used

"Given that the geological structures found beneath the ground are the result of dynamic processes and not of intentional design, they are not always as stable as they could possibly be. In some cases, the disturbance caused by the injection of high pressure water jets designed to fracture rock could cause them to collapse. This is apparently what happened at a fracking site near Blackpool, in England. This is not simply the pet theory of some fringe environmental group trying to pin the blame for a natural phenomenon on a company performing operations that they vigorously object to.  In fact, it was the fracking company itself, Cuadrilla Resources, who announced after an investigation that, “It is highly probable that the hydraulic fracturing of Cuadrilla’s Preese Hall-1 well did trigger a number of minor seismic events.”

The company went on to say that it was “due to an unusual combination of geology at the well site coupled with the pressure exerted by water injection as part of operations,” and that “this combination of geological factors was extremely rare and would be unlikely to occur together again at future well sites.”

But despite this last claim, the US Geological Survey recently announced findings indicating that fracking operations may have been responsible for as many as 50 earthquakes in Oklahoma last January. Here is an excerpt from the report.

Our analysis showed that shortly after hydraulic fracturing began small earthquakes started occurring, and more than 50 were identified, of which 43 were large enough to be located. Most of these earthquakes occurred within a 24 hour period after hydraulic fracturing operations had ceased.

Source: http://www.triplepundit.com/2011/11/fracking-firm-admits-caused-ear...

According to a Study undertaken by The University of Texas at Austin, found that the most reliably located earthquakes — those that are accurate to within about 0.9 miles (1.5 kilometers) — occurred in eight groups, all within 2 miles (3.2 kilometers) of one or more injection wells. Before this study, the National Earthquake Information Center had only identified two earthquake groups in the area strongly associated with specific injection wells. This suggests injection-triggered earthquakes are far more common than is generally recognized.

Source: http://www.utexas.edu/news/2012/08/06/correlation-injection-wells-s...

Seems to be some correlation here between earthquakes and hydraulic fracturing, doesn't there?

 

Now let's focus on the immediate situation in Assumption Parish, La.

The original purpose of Texas Brine undertaking the brining operations that created the cavities that number 54 (50 in operation) in total, and harbor various types of gases and liquids stored within the Napoleonville Salt Dome Respository is explained on the company's website.

"The production of salt from a salt deposit - either domal or bedded - creates an undergound brine-filled cavity in the salt. These salt cavities, or "caverns" can be used for the safe underground storage of highly volatile gas and liquid products. In addition, these caverns are used for storing other liquids such as crude oil and other gasses such as compressed air. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve is stored in salt caverns.

Texas Brine put its first cavern into liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) storage service in 1952. Since then, dozens of additional caverns have been put into a variety of storage services. Creating over 15 million barrels of cavity space a year with brine production activities, Texas Brine has the capability to meet your storage needs with existing or soon to be available caverns.

 The operation of underground liquid storage requires the prompt and timely injection or withdrawal of brine to support product movements. Underground Storage,LLC is uniquely qualified to provide this service."
______

Of course, what is not listed here is Texas Brine's expertise as the provider of the major component for hydraulic fracturing fluids, nor it's expertise in storing 'Fracking' fluids within these caverns, nor does it list expertise in determining whether there are pre-existing hydrocarbons underneath the cavities they create. This is what the authorities claim is the case at the Napoleonville facility. Natural gas and oil just so happened to be BESIDE the Salt Diapir, and tapped into by coincedence when a known salt cavern was not within the Salt, and laying upon Shale, next to several abandoned Oil Wells, especially the Hooker Oil Well # 1. Watch them pin it all on this one. 

 

The question then becomes whether there were pre-existing natural gas and crude oil underneath the Salt Formation when it was first brined out, or if this is a more recent development. So far answers are not forthcoming from any of the authorities involved. 

It is possible that gas would migrate along the Shale (Miocene, or Pliocene) zone extending from the Macondo Well blowout area to about 10 miles north of the Napoleonville Salt Dome and engulfing most of the Gulf Coast States in width, from Texas to Mississippi. The migration is explained in Part I of this series. This migration may affect much more than the Assumption Parish, La. region.

 

Additionally, methane migration means that every Salt Dome Formation in the area outlined in the previous (Part I) story (in the Govt. provided PDF), is being put under the same enormous pressures underground and will vent out through the paths of least resistance. This can mean that every ground well, aquifer, and septic tank, as well as, water treatment facility is filling with additional methane emissions, to combine with it's own natural gas trapped emissions inherent in it's own operations. (Don't light a match over the toilet)

If this was a pre-existing reservoir of Natural Gas and Oil far below the surface and is bubbling up to the swamps and surfaces above, then Texas Brine has lied once again and drilled much farther that the estimated 5500 ft. it has reported. Natural gas may be found at those depths, but not crude oil, or diesel, (medium crude). There must be a cause, to be observing such effects as have been reported in the massive amounts of methane encountered, and formations other than the caprock and 'wet salt', trapping methane deposits must be the causal effect, which was released due to the initial caprock breakage venting methane directly into the aquifer.

 

I do not put all of the blame on Texas Brine, LLC however, as the Department of the Interior knew of these concerns from an earlier Salt Dome Sinkhole, and the possible consequences. Not only that, but they knew how to deal with it, when it initially collapsed. Below is an excerpt from Sandia Labs;

Beginning in 1994 and continuing to the present, the injection of saturated brine directly into the sinkhole throat some 76 m (250 ft) beneath the surface essentially arrested further dissolution, buying time to make adequate preparation for the safe and orderly trader
of crude oil to other storage facilities.

The construction of a freezewall to arrest the flow of ground water into primary Sinkhole #1 began in mid 1995 and was completed by the end of the year. This involved the construction of 56 wells in three circumferential rings around the sinkhole which were used for circulating the refrigerant. Testing of the wall in late 1995 was expected to provide reasonable confirmation that a hydrologic barrier had been achieved.

 

I speak of the Weeks Island Sinkhole concerning the Strategic Oil Reserves, and it’s implications as explained in detail at the following link:

(An Aside: Just where did they move the Strategic Oil Reserves to?)

Why has this also not been done at the Napoleonville Salt Dome? Why has brine not been pumped into to stabilize the sinkhole? Could it be it is because oil and salt do not mix? Why hasn't a freezewall been ordered by DNR and taxed to Texas Brine and costs shared with Crosstex, and Dow Chemical considering the explosive nature of the materials released and of what has been kept, (Butane), and (hydrocarbon feedstocks, respectively), but may be lost? Are they waiting for winter?
Nonsense.
Why is the oil not pumped out? Is there so much that would be dangerous to do so? What about the Natural Gas? Flaring is incredibly dangerous to the residents of the surrounding area, and will not alleviate very much pressure at all. What are they not telling the people?

One portion of this ongoing dilemma was not addressed in Part I and needs to be brought to light, and that is the role of the massive amount of Natural Gas and crude oil pipelines that criss-cross the area and travel directly to and over the New Madrid fault zone, as well as many others. To grasp the enormous scale of the explosive potential contained in this spider web of volatile pipelines, then a map has been provided below.

According to Crosstex's own website; it alone has approximately 2,100 miles of pipeline, two processing plants with a total capacity of 335 MMcf/d, (that's 335 Million Cubic Feet Per Day), and two treating plants.

http://www.crosstexenergy.com/about-crosstex/asset-locations

 

South Louisiana is home to more oil refineries than any other state. At the best of times, oil refineries in Louisiana averaged more than nine accidents per week, according to the state's non-government watchdog, Louisiana Bucket Brigade (LABB).

"Louisiana’s 17 refineries have averaged an accident every day since 2005. In the year since the BP well was capped (September 2010-September 2011), there were more than 3,700 oil industry accidents in the Gulf of Mexico," reports LABB.

"The oil industry is so profitable because they can externalize their costs on poor states like Louisiana. Last year, Exxon’s two refineries in the state (Baton Rouge and Chalmette) had 133 accidents. Meanwhile, their profits exceeded $30 billion. There is a connection."

http://www.labucketbrigade.org/

To this writer I can only see more questions needing answers, and not the Big Corporation mouthpieces saying all will be well. Remember that’s also what BP told the residents all along the Gulf Coast about not only the oil, but of Corexit 9500…all the while people were and are still getting tremendously sick and dying. Let’s not let this keep happening. DEMAND ANSWERS! Before it is too late for our Gulf Coast peoples!

Mirror Site: http://freedomrox.wordpress.com/2012/11/15/massive-explosive-potent...

PART ONE is found at: http://12160.info/profiles/blogs/original-content-massive-explosive...

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Comment by Freedomrox on November 19, 2012 at 2:20am

August 11, 2010...Well Blow Out in Assumption Parish, Louisiana, perpetrated by Mantle Oil and Gas, LLC. not very long after the BP Macondo Blow Out in the Gulf of Mexico, only 145 miles south of the Great Sinkhole, which has again widened to over eight football fields and over 80,000 barrels of oil skimmed from the lake it has become.... The Big Oil industries have known of the link between the Napoleonville Salt Dome and the Migration chambers... Don't let them get away with this! The situation is BEYOND EXPLOSIVE NOW! It is a ticking time BOMB!

Video Below:

http://ireport.cnn.com/docs/DOC-481102

Comment by Freedomrox on November 18, 2012 at 2:51am

Thanks Lou, missed your comment earlier....sorry

Comment by Freedomrox on November 15, 2012 at 8:26pm
Comment by Freedomrox on November 15, 2012 at 4:36pm

Thx, suzie, education equals action for some. Action is needed now!

Comment by suzie on November 15, 2012 at 2:27am

tweeted~~ for all who may find it!  i hope it illuminates some people as it has me ~ it is a bad thing this  fraking and it is being pushed as our answer when if we would just get that free energy the FBI stole from Tesla maybe we could all live in a more peaceful world ;) There are better ways to get energy but i am afraid the greedy corporations don't even care if they Blow up there owns kids~ :(

Comment by Sweettina2 on November 13, 2012 at 4:45pm

Thanks FreedomRox  great article, looking forward to the rest.  Texas oil/gas men have been defending their frickin fracking forever saying it doesnt cause quakes.  Greedy liars.

Comment by suzie on November 13, 2012 at 12:11pm

As i am have not invested much time in the fracking issue this series you have is much more  involved and i don't understand all of it i got a general idea ~ We are not being informed about what big corporations are doing and just this morning i heard talking heads say fraking could bail out obama's economy ~ MSM is busy brainwashing the populous into believing that fraking is our answer and saying this could be our Saudi Arabia .. The question has come up in conversations  with christians i talk to who ask where is America in the bible? it doesn't seem to be mentioned or anything that could even be symbolic of America .. Maybe that is because we just won't exist .. Mankind has chosen supposed leaders who are madmen and they may just blow up half the world :(

Comment by Lou Cypher on November 13, 2012 at 11:28am

What is a cheap way of getting rid of toxic waste?

Rename it and use it as Fracking Fluid, Dispersant for the Gulf,

Fluoridation process. In Italy they just dump it in the ditches.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_geological_repository

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