Source: Public Intelligence
A recent Department of Justice guide for investigators of criminal and extremist groups lists “constitutionalists” and “survivalists”
alongside organizations like Al-Qaeda and the Aryan Brotherhood. The
120-page, “Law Enforcement Sensitive” guide to “Investigating Terrorism and Criminal Extremism – Terms and Concepts”
describes itself as “a glossary designed primarily as a tool for
criminal justice professionals to enhance their understanding of words
relating to extremist terminology, phrases, activities, symbols,
organizations, and selected names that they may encounter while
conducting criminal investigations or prosecutions of members of
Constitutionalist, defined by Random House’s 2010 Dictionary as an “adherent or advocate of constitutionalism or of an existing
constitution”, is described in the report as a “generic term for members
of the ‘patriot’ movement”. Survivalists are described in the document
as fearing a “coming collapse of civilization” and are trying to
prepare themselves for this collapse. Such individuals are said to have
“typically stockpiled food, water, and weapons, especially the latter,
and instructed themselves on topics ranging from first aid to childbirth
to edible plants”.
The guide defines the term “New World Order” as being “used by conspiracy theorists to refer to a global conspiracy designed to
implement worldwide socialism”. The Bilderberg Group, Trilateral
Commission, and Council on Foreign Relations are described as
organizations “targeted by right-wing extremists for conspiring to
dominate the world”. The guide also defines “One World Government” as
the “concept that there will ultimately be a single governing body that
will control the world”, adding that “some right-wing extremists fear
this occurring, believing that white people will be in the minority,
with Jewish people ultimately controlling the world”.
While the document’s introduction does state that “the fact that an entry appears in this publication does not imply a connection to illegal
activity”, it goes on to say that the guide consists of “terms that may
be germane to members of an extremist movement” or are “singularly
employed by specific extremist groups”. The obvious result of the
inclusion of terms such as “Bilderberg Group” and “Trilateral
Commission” in a report titled “Investigating Terrorism and Criminal
Extremism” is that law enforcement officials unaware of these groups
will tend to associate legitimate discussion as “extremist” speech.
This diminishes the credibility of any person attempting to rationally
discuss such groups and fosters a perception that any discussion of such
groups could be associated with a supposedly “extremist” ideology.
Examples of “Extremist” Terminology
To see the full list read the U.S. Department of Justice Terrorism and Criminal Extremism Terms 2005-2009.
Black Helicopters: Unmarked dark helicopters allegedly observed by many members of the “patriot” movement, who claim
that the helicopters are part of some vast conspiracy, perhaps involving
the United Nations or the “New World Order.” Various explanations have
been offered for some of the sightings, but the term has since entered
the popular vocabulary and is often used as a generic, sometimes
satirical reference to conspiracy-related beliefs.
Bilderbergers (Bilderberg Group): Along with the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations, one of the
three groups targeted by right-wing extremists for conspiring to
dominate the world.
Collection (of Information): The identification, location, and recording/storage of unanalyzed information, typically
from an original source and using both human and technological means,
for input into the intelligence cycle to determine its usefulness in
meeting a defined tactical or strategic intelligence goal.
Concentration Camps: Detention camps supposedly being built or already built by the United States government, according to conspiracy theorists.
Constitutionalists: A generic term for members of the “patriot” movement. It is now often used to refer to members of the
sovereign citizen or common law court movement. Sometimes the word
“constitutionist” is also used.
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR ): Along with the Bilderbergers and the Trilateral Commission, one of the three key groups
that conspiracy theorists claim operate behind the scenes to control
the world and to establish the “New World Order.”
Executive Orders: The formal means by which the President of the United States determines the conduct of business in the
Executive Branch. Typically, such executive orders take two forms: (1)
orders governing administrative or policy matters in Executive Branch
agencies or (2) orders for which the authority is derived from
congressional authorizations. The “patriot” movement, however, contends
that executive orders are “presidential laws” that bypass Congress and
subvert the Constitution.
Flag of Peace: The American flag preferred by the “patriot” movement; a red, white, and blue flag without any gold trim,
braid, balls, tassels, eagles, fringe, or spear on the flag or pole.
Patriots believe that any other American flag is a military flag that
denotes military jurisdiction. Only under the “flag of peace” do U.S.
citizens receive their constitutional rights and due process.
Globalization: This term generally refers to the denationalization of economies, markets, products, and populations
brought about by ever faster travel, improved communications, and
advances in technology.
Illuminati: An intellectual society and social club formed by a university professor, Adam Weishaupt (1748–1811), in
southern Germany in the 1770s in the spirit of the Enlightenment. It was
suppressed by Bavarian authorities in the 1780s. Weishaupt spent the
rest of his life writing about the Illuminati. People who believe
Illuminati conspiracy theories believe the society never died away but
lived on, run by people intent on controlling the world through devious
Information Warfare: Synonymous with cyberwarfare, information warfare is the offensive and defensive use of information
and information systems to deny, exploit, corrupt, or destroy an
adversary’s information, information-based processes, information
systems, and computer-based networks while protecting one’s own. Such
actions are designed to achieve advantages over military or business
Jack-Booted Thug (JBT ): A law enforcement officer (especially federal) draped in combat fatigues or other military or
paramilitary uniform, wearing a ski mask or similar headgear
guaranteeing anonymity, wielding powerful military weapons, and
utilizing other military vehicles and gear.
New World Order: A term used by conspiracy theorists to refer to a global conspiracy designed to implement worldwide socialism.
One-World Government: The concept that there will ultimately be a single governing body that will control the world. Some
right-wing extremists fear this occurring, believing that white people
will be in the minority, with Jewish people ultimately controlling the
Open Source Information or Intelligence: Individual data, records, reports, and assessments that may shed light on an
investigatory target or event and do not require any legal process or
any type of clandestine collection techniques for a law enforcement
agency to obtain. Such information is obtained through means that meet
copyright and commercial requirements of vendors, as well as being free
of legal restrictions to access by anyone who seeks that information.
Patriot Movement: The “patriot” movement is a general term used by its members to describe the collective movements
and individuals on the extreme right wing. In one form or another, this
practice dates back many decades; in the 1930s, many on the far right
referred to themselves as “superpatriots.” In the 1960s and 1970s, it
was common to refer to the “Christian Patriot” movement, but this term
is less common now than then. Among the types of individuals that can be
found within the “patriot” movement are white supremacists, sovereign
citizens, tax protesters, militia members, and sometimes antiabortion or
Patriots for Profit: A term used to describe those individuals in the “patriot” movement who perpetrate scams and frauds
against other people, usually fellow members of the movement. It also
refers to people who attempt to make money by selling various products
and “kits” to members of the movement. By far the most numerous of the
“patriots for profit” are the people who cater to would-be tax
Pirate Radio: The operation of radio transmitters without a license from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
Although some of the most notable pirate stations, such as Free Radio
Berkeley, have been primarily left-wing in orientation, a large number
of pirate stations adhere to right-wing or antigovernment philosophies.
Sovereign Citizen: A term used to describe adherents to a philosophy derived from the group Posse Comitatus that posits that
there are two types of citizens: “Fourteenth Amendment Citizens,” who
are subject to the laws and taxes of the federal and state governments,
and sovereign citizens, who are subject only to “the common law.”
Sovereign citizens claim that they have absolute mastery over all their
property (including freedom from taxes, regulations, ordinances, or
zoning restrictions), that they essentially do not have to pay taxes
(aside from tariffs and a few other insignificant taxes), that they are
not citizens of the United States but are “nonresident aliens” with
respect to that “illegal corporation,” that the only court which has
jurisdiction to try them for any matter is a common law court, and that
they can never be arrested or tried for a crime or matter in which there
is no complaining victim, as well as various other notions. Typical
signs that someone is a sovereign citizen include the use of punctuation
between their middle and last names (i.e., John Wayne; Doe); a refusal
to have a social security card or any paper, license, or document
related to automobile ownership or driving; a refusal to use zip codes;
and the displaying on various items—from envelopes to paper money, to
time cards, or to forms—of the phrase “UCC 1-207,” or variants thereof.
Sovereign citizens are often also known as state citizens, freemen,
preamble citizens, common law citizens, or other appellations.
Survivalists: The survivalist movement feared a coming collapse of civilization, generally as the result of nuclear war,
and tried to prepare themselves to survive it. Survivalists typically
stockpiled food, water, and weapons, especially the latter, and
instructed themselves on topics ranging from first aid to childbirth to
Tax-Protest Movement: A movement consisting of people who do not simply want to avoid paying taxes but generally claim
they should not have to pay them. The right-wing movement started in the
1950s and 1960s and has concentrated on interpreting the Constitution,
U.S. law, and the tax code, in particular, in such a way as to be able
to claim that most people do not have to pay income taxes. The
motivating force behind the right-wing tax-protest movement was to find
loopholes, actual or manufactured, that would allow people to claim that
they had no tax obligation.
Trilateral Commission: A group, along with the Bilderbergers and the Council on Foreign Relations, that is viewed by
the “patriot” movement as being one of the major organizations seeking
to implement the “New World Order.” Formed in 1973 by David Rockefeller
and Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Trilateral Commission consists of slightly
over 300 members from Europe, Japan, and North America (the three main
democratic-industrial regions of the world, thus the term “trilateral”).
Members include prominent figures in the media, politics, business, and
academia. Conspiracy theorists claim it is a group of elitists
determined to promote a one-world government.