Crash course on Israeli Violations of U.N. Security Council Resolutions

Rogue State: Israeli Violations of U.N. Security Council Resolutions





(Dissident Voice) Following is a list of United Nations Security Council resolutions directly critical of Israel for violations of U.N. Security Council resolutions, the U.N. Charter, the Geneva Conventions,
international terrorism, or other violations of international law.

Res. 57 (Sep. 18, 1948) – Expresses deep shock at the assassination of the U.N. Mediator in Palestine, Count Folke Bernadotte, by Zionist terrorists.

Res. 89 (Nov. 17, 1950) – Requests that attention be given to the expulsion of “thousands of Palestine Arabs” and calls upon concerned governments to take no further action “involving the transfer
of persons across international frontiers or armistice lines”, and
notes that Israel announced that it would withdraw to the armistice
lines.

Res. 93 (May 18, 1951) – Finds that Israeli airstrikes on Syria on April 5, 1951 constitutes “a violation of the cease-fire”, and decides that Arab civilians expelled from the
demilitarized zone by Israel should be allowed to return.

Res. 100 (Oct. 27, 1953) – Notes that Israel had said it would stop work it started in the demilitarized zone on September 2, 1953.

Res. 101 (Nov. 24, 1953) – Finds Israel’s attack on Qibya, Jordan on October 14-15, 1953 to be a violation of the cease-fire and “Expresses the strongest censure of that action”.

Res. 106 (Mar. 29, 1955) – Condemns Israel’s attack on Egyptian forces in the Gaza Strip on February 28, 1955.

Res. 111 (Jan. 19, 1956) – Condemns Israel’s attack on Syria on December 11, 1955 as “a flagrant violation of the cease-fire” and armistice agreement.

Res. 119 (Oct. 31, 1956) – Considers that “a grave situation has been created” by the attack against Egypt by the forces of Britain, France, and Israel.

Res. 171 (Apr. 9, 1962) – Reaffirms resolution 111 and determines that Israel’s attack on Syria on March 16-17, 1962 “constitutes a flagrant violation of that resolution”.

Res. 228 (Nov. 25, 1966) – “Deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to property resulting from the action” by Israel in the southern Hebron area on November 13, 1966, and “Censures Israel
for this large-scale military action in violation of the United Nations
Charter” and the armistice agreement between Israel and Jordan.

Res. 237 (Jun. 14, 1967) – Emphasizes “the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war”, emphasizes that member states have a commitment to abide by the U.N. Charter, and calls
for the “Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied”
during the June 1967 war.

Res. 242 (Nov. 22, 1967) – Emphasizes “the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war”, emphasizes that member states have a commitment to abide by the U.N. Charter, and calls
on Israel to withdraw from territories it occupied during the June 1967
war.

Res. 248 (Mar. 24, 1968) – Observes that the Israeli attack on Jordan “was of a large-scale and carefully planned nature”, “Deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to property”, “Condemns the
military action launched by Israel in flagrant violation of the United
Nations Charter and the cease-fire resolutions”, and “Calls upon Israel
to desist from” further violations of resolution 237.

Res. 250 (Apr. 27, 1968) – Considers “that the holding of a military parade in Jerusalem will aggravate tensions in the area and have an adverse effect on a peaceful settlement of the
problems in the area” and “Calls upon Israel to refrain from holding the
military parade in Jerusalem which is contemplated” for May 2, 1968.

Res. 251 (May 2, 1968) – Recalls resolution 250 and “Deeply deplores the holding by Israel of the military parade in Jerusalem” on May 2, 1968 “in disregard of” resolution 250.

Res. 252 (May 21, 1968) – “Deplores the failure of Israel to comply with” General Assembly resolutions 2253 and 2254, considers Israel’s annexation of Jerusalem “invalid”, and calls upon
Israel “to rescind all such measures already taken and to desist
forthwith from taking any further action which tends to change the
status of Jerusalem”.

Res. 256 (Aug. 16, 1968) – Recalls Israel’s “flagrant violation of the United Nations Charter” condemned in resolution 248, observes that further Israeli air attacks on Jordan
“were of a large scale and carefully planned nature in violation of
resolution 248”, “Deplores the loss of life and heavy damage to
property”, and condemns Israel’s attacks.

Res. 259 (Sep. 27, 1968) – Expresses concern for “the safety, welfare and security” of the Palestinians “under military occupation by Israel”, deplores “the delay in the implementation of
resolution 237 (1967) because of the conditions still being set by
Israel for receiving a Special Representative of the Secretary-General”,
and requests Israel to receive the Special Representative and
facilitate his work.

Res. 262 (Dec. 31, 1968) – Observes “that the military action by the armed forces of Israel against the civil International Airport of Beirut was premeditated and of a large scale
and carefully planned nature”, and condemns Israel for the attack.

Res.265 (Apr. 1, 1969) – Expresses “deep concern that the recent attacks on Jordanian villages and other populated areas were of a pre-planned nature, in violation of resolutions” 248 and 256,
“Deplores the loss of civilian life and damage to property”, and
“Condemns the recent premeditated air attacks launched by Israel on
Jordanian villages and populated areas in flagrant violation of the
United Nations Charter and the cease-fire resolutions”.

Res. 267 (Jul. 3, 1969) – Recalls resolution 252 and General Assembly resolutions 2253 and 2254, notes that “since the adoption of the above-mentioned resolutions Israel has taken further
measures tending to change the status of the City of Jerusalem”,
reaffirms “the established principle that acquisition of territory by
military conquest is inadmissible”, “Deplores the failure of Israel to
show any regard for the resolutions”, “Censures in the strongest terms
all measures taken to change the status of the City of Jerusalem”,
“Confirms that all legislative and administrative measures and actions
taken by Israel which purport to alter the status of Jerusalem,
including expropriation of land and properties thereon, are invalid and
cannot change that status”, and urgently calls on Israel to rescind the
measures taken to annex Jerusalem.

Res. 270 (Aug. 26, 1969) – “Condemns the premeditated air attack by Israel on villages in southern Lebanon in violation of its obligations under the Charter and Security Council
resolutions”.

Res. 271 (Sep. 15, 1969) – Expresses grief “at the extensive damage caused by arson to the Holy Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem” on August 21, 1969 “under the military occupation of Israel”,
reaffirms “the established principle that acquisition of territory by
military conquest is inadmissible”, “Determines that the execrable act
of desecration and profanation of the Holy Al-Aqsa Mosque emphasizes the
immediate necessity of Israel’s desisting from acting in violation”
previous resolutions and rescinding measures to annex Jerusalem, calls
on Israel “to observe the provisions of the Geneva Conventions and
international law governing military occupation”, and condemns Israel’s
failure to comply with previous resolutions.

Res. 279 (May 12, 1970) – “Demands the immediate withdrawal of all Israeli armed forces from Lebanese territory.”

Res. 280 (May 19, 1970) – Expresses conviction that “that the Israeli military attack against Lebanon was premeditated and of a large scale and carefully planned in nature”, recalls resolution
279 “demanding the immediate withdrawal of all Israeli armed forces from
Lebanese territory”, deplores Israel’s violation of resolutions 262 and
270, “Condemns Israel for its premeditated military action in violation
of its obligations under the Charter of the United Nations”, and
“Deplores the loss of life and damage to property inflicted as a result”
of Israeli violations of Security Council resolutions.

Res. 285 (Sep. 5, 1970) – “Demands the complete and immediate withdrawal of all Israeli armed forces from Lebanese territory.”

Res. 298 (Sep. 25, 1971) – Recalls resolutions 252 and 267 and General Assembly resolutions 2253 and 2254 concerning Israel’s measures to annex Jerusalem, reaffirms “the principle that
acquisition of territory by military conquest is inadmissible”, notes
“the non-compliance by Israel” of the recalled resolutions, deplores
Israel’s failure to respect the resolutions, confirms that Israel’s
actions “are totally invalid”, and urgently calls on Israel to rescind
its measures and take “no further steps in the occupied section of
Jerusalem” to change the status of the city.

Res. 313 (Feb. 28, 1972) – “Demands that Israel immediately desist and refrain from any ground and air military action against Lebanon and forthwith withdraw all its military forces from
Lebanese territory.”

Res. 316 (Jun. 26, 1972) – Deplores “the tragic loss of life resulting from all acts of violence”, expresses grave concern “at Israel’s failure to comply with Security Council resolutions” 262,
270, 280, 285, and 313 “calling on Israel to desist forthwith from any
violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon”,
calls on Israel to abide by the resolutions, and condemns “the repeated
attacks of Israeli forces on Lebanese territory and population in
violation of the principles of the Charter of the United Nations and
Israel’s obligations thereunder”.

Res. 317 (Jul. 21, 1972) – Notes resolution 316, deplores the fact that Israel had not yet released “Syrian and Lebanese military and security personnel abducted by Israeli armed forces from
Lebanese territory” on June 21, 1972, and calls on Israel to release the
prisoners.

Res. 332 (Apr. 21, 1972) – “Condemns the repeated military attacks conducted by Israel against Lebanon and Israel’s violation of Lebanon’s territorial integrity and sovereignty” in
violation of the U.N. Charter, the armistice agreement, and cease-fire
resolutions.

Res. 337 (Aug. 15, 1972) – Notes “the violation of Lebanon’s sovereignty and territorial integrity” by Israel “and the hijacking, by the Israeli air force, of a Lebanese civilian airliner on
lease to Iraqi Airways”, expresses grave concern “that such an act
carried out by Israel, a Member of the United Nations, constitutes a
serious interference with international civil aviation and a violation
of the Charter of the United Nations”, recognizes “that such an act
could jeopardize the lives and safety of passengers and crew and
violates the provisions of international conventions safeguarding civil
aviation”, condemns Israel “for violating Lebanon’s sovereignty and
territorial integrity and for the forcible diversion and seizure by the
Israeli air force of a Lebanese airliner from Lebanon’s air space”, and
considers that Israel’s actions constitute a violation of the armistice
agreement, cease-fire resolutions, the U.N. Charter, “the international
conventions on civil aviation and the principles of international law
and morality”.

Res. 347 (Apr. 24, 1974) – “Condemns Israel’s violation of Lebanon’s territorial integrity and sovereignty and calls once more on the Government of Israel to refrain from further military
actions and threats against Lebanon”, and calls on Israel “to release
and return to Lebanon the abducted Lebanese civilians”.

Res. 425 (Mar. 19, 1978) – “Calls for strict respect for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized boundaries”, and “Calls
upon Israel immediately to cease its military action against Lebanese
territorial integrity and withdraw forthwith its forces from all
Lebanese territory”.

Res. 427 (May 3, 1978) – “Calls upon Israel to complete its withdrawal from all Lebanese territory without any further delay”.

Res. 446 (Mar. 22, 1979) – Affirms “once more that the Fourth Geneva Convention … is applicable to the Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem”, “Determines that
the policy and practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the
Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 have no legal
validity and constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a
comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East”, “Strongly
deplores the failure of Israel to abide by” resolutions 237, 252, and
298, and General Assembly resolutions 2253 and 2254, and calls on Israel
“as the occupying Power” to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention, to
“rescind its previous measures and to desist from any action which would
result in changing the legal status and geographical nature and
materially affecting the demographic composition of the Arab territories
occupied since 1967, including Jerusalem, and, in particular, not to
transfer parts of its own civilian population into the occupied Arab
territories”.

Res. 450 (Jun. 14, 1979) – “Strongly deplores acts of violence against Lebanon that have led to the displacement of civilians, including Palestinians, and brought about destruction and
loss of innocent lives”, and calls on Israel to cease actions against
Lebanon, “in particular its incursions into Lebanon and the assistance
it continues to lend to irresponsible armed groups”.

Res. 452 (Jul. 20, 1979) – Strongly deplores “the lack of co-operation of Israel” with the Security Council Commission “established under resolution 446 (1979) to examine the situation
relating to settlements in the Arab territories occupied since 1967,
including Jerusalem”, considers “that the policy of Israel in
establishing settlements in the occupied Arab territories has no legal
validity and constitutes a violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention”,
expresses deep concern at Israel’s policy of constructing settlements
“in the occupied Arab territories, including Jerusalem, and its
consequences for the local Arab and Palestinian population”, and calls
on Israel to cease such activities.

Res. 465 (Mar. 1, 1980) – Strongly deplores Israel’s refusal to co-operate with the Security Council Commission, regrets Israel’s “formal rejection of” resolutions 446 and 452, deplores
Israel’s decision “to officially support Israeli settlement” in the
occupied territories, expresses deep concern over Israel’s settlement
policy “and its consequences for the local Arab and Palestinian
population”, “Strongly deplores the decision of Israel to prohibit the
free travel” of the mayor of Hebron “to appear before the Security
Council”, and “Determines that all measures taken by Israel to change
the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure
or status of the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since
1967, including Jerusalem, or any part thereof, have no legal validity
and that Israel’s policy and practices of settling parts of its
population and new immigrants in those territories constitute a flagrant
violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention”.

Res. 467 (Apr. 24, 1980) – “Condemns all actions contrary to” resolutions 425, 426, 427, 434, 444, 450, and 459 “and, in particular, strongly deplores” any “violation of Lebanese sovereignty
and territorial integrity” and “Israel’s military intervention into
Lebanon”.

Res. 468 (May 8, 1980) – Expresses deep concern “at the expulsion by the Israeli military occupation authorities of the Mayors of Hebron and Halhoul and the Sharia Judge of Hebron” and “Calls
upon the Government of Israel as occupying Power to rescind these
illegal measures and facilitate the immediate return of the expelled
Palestinian leaders so that they can resume the functions for which they
were elected and appointed”.

Res. 469 (May 20, 1980) – Recalls the Fourth Geneva Convention “and in particular article 1, which reads ‘The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the
present Convention in all circumstances,’ and article 49, which reads
‘Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of
protected persons from the occupied territory to the territory of the
occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are
prohibited, regardless of their motive”, “Strongly deplores the failure
of the Government of Israel to implement Security Council resolution
468”, “Calls again upon the Government of Israel, as occupying Power, to
rescind the illegal measures taken by the Israeli military occupation
authorities in expelling the Mayors of Hebron and Halhoul and the Sharis
Judge of Hebron, and to facilitate the immediate return of the expelled
Palestinian leaders, so that they can resume their functions for which
they were elected and appointed”.

Res. 471 (Jun. 5, 1980) – Recalls “once again” the Fourth Geneva Convention, “and in particular article 27, which reads, ‘ Protected persons are entitled, in all circumstances, to respect for
their persons… They shall at all times be humanely treated, and shall be
protected especially against all acts of violence or threats
thereof…’”, reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention
“to the Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including
Jerusalem”, expresses deep concern “that the Jewish settlers in the
occupied Arab territories are allowed to carry arms, thus enabling them
to perpetrate crimes against the civilian Arab population”, “Condemns
the assassination attempts against the Mayors of Nablus, Ramallah and Al
Bireh and calls for the immediate apprehension and prosecution of the
perpetrators of these crimes”, “Expresses deep concern that Israel, as
the occupying Power, has failed to provide adequate protection to the
civilian population in the occupied territories in conformity with the
provisions of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of
Civilian Persons in Time of War”, calls on Israel “to provide the
victims with adequate compensation for the damage suffered as a result
of these crimes”, “Calls again upon the government of Israel to respect
and to comply with the provisions of” the Fourth Geneva Convention and
“the relevant resolutions of the Security Council”, “Calls once again
upon all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used
specifically in connexion [sic] with settlements in the occupied
territories”, “Reaffirms the overriding necessity to end the prolonged
occupation of Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including
Jerusalem”.

Res. 476 (Jun. 30, 1980) – Reaffirms that “the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible”, deplores “the persistence of Israel, in changing the physical character, demographic
composition, institutional structure and the status of the Holy City of
Jerusalem”, expresses grave concern “over the legislative steps
initiated in the Israeli Knesset with the aim of changing the character
and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem”, reaffirms “the overriding
necessity to end the prolonged occupation of Arab territories occupied
by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem”, “Strongly deplores the
continued refusal of Israel, the occupying Power, to comply with the
relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly”,
“Reconfirms that all legislative and administrative measures and actions
taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which purport to later the
character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal
validity and constitute a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva
Convention”, “Reiterates that all such measures … are null and void and
must be rescinded in compliance with the relevant resolutions of the
Security Council”, and “Urgently calls on Israel, the occupying Power,
to abide by this and previous Security Council resolutions and to desist
forthwith from persisting in the policy and measures affecting the
character and status of the Holy city of Jerusalem”.

Res. 478 (Aug. 20, 1980) – Reaffirms “again that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible”, notes “that Israel has not complied with resolution 476”, “Censures in the strongest terms
the enactment by Israel of the ‘basic law’ on Jerusalem and the refusal
to comply with relevant Security Council resolutions”, “Affirms that the
enactment of the ‘basic law’ by Israel constitutes a violation of
international law”, “Determines that all legislative and administrative
measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which have
altered or purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of
Jerusalem, and in particular the recent ‘basic law’ on Jerusalem, are
null and void and must be rescinded forthwith”.

Res. 484 (Dec. 19, 1980) – Expresses “grave concern at the expulsion by Israel of the Mayor of Hebron and the Mayor of Halhoul”, “Reaffirms the applicability of” the Fourth Geneva Convention
“to all the Arab territories occupied by Israel in 1967”, “Calls upon
Israel, the occupying Power, to adhere to the provisions of the
Convention”, and “Declares it imperative that the Mayor of Hebron and
the Mayor of Halhoul be enabled to return to their homes and resume
their responsibilities”.

Res. 487 (Jun. 19, 1981) – Expresses full awareness “of the fact that Iraq has been a party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons since it came into force in 1970,
that in accordance with that Treaty Iraq has accepted IAEA safeguards on
all its nuclear activities, and that the Agency has testified that
these safeguards have been satisfactorily applied to date”, notes
“furthermore that Israel has not adhered to the non-proliferation
Treaty”, expresses deep concern “about the danger to international peace
and security created by the premeditated Israeli air attack on Iraqi
nuclear installations on 7 June 1981, which could at any time explode
the situation in the area, with grave consequences for the vital
interests of all States”, “Strongly condemns the military attack by
Israel in clear violation of the Charter of the United Nations and the
norms of international conduct”, “Further considers that the said attack
constitutes a serious threat to the entire IAEA safeguards regime which
is the foundation of the non-proliferation Treaty”, “Fully recognizes
the inalienable sovereign right of Iraq, and all other States,
especially the developing countries, to establish programmes of
technological and nuclear development to develop their economy and
industry for peaceful purposes in accordance with their present and
future needs and consistent with the internationally accepted objectives
of preventing nuclear-weapons proliferation”, and “Calls upon Israel
urgently to place its nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards”.

Res. 497 (Dec. 17, 1981) – Reaffirms “that the acquisition of territory by force is inadmissible, in accordance with the United Nations Charter, the principles of international law, and
relevant Security Council resolutions”, “Decides that the Israeli
decision to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in the
occupied Syrian Golan Heights is null and void and without international
legal effect”, “Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, should
rescind forthwith its decision”, and “Determines that all the provisions
of the” Fourth Geneva Convention “continue to apply to the Syrian
territory occupied by Israel since June 1967”.

Res. 501 (Feb. 25, 1982) – Reaffirms resolution 425 calling upon Israel to cease its military action against Lebanon.

Res. 509 ( Jun. 6, 1982) – “Demands that Israel withdraw all its military forces forthwith and unconditionally to the internationally recognized boundaries of Lebanon”.

Res. 515 (Jul. 29, 1982) – “Demands that the Government of Israel lift immediately the blockade of the city of Beirut in order to permit the dispatch of supplies to meet the urgent needs of
the civilian population and allow the distribution of aid provided by
United Nations agencies and by non-governmental organizations,
particularly the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)”.

Res. 517 (Aug. 4, 1982) – Expresses deep shock and alarm “by the deplorable consequences of the Israeli invasion of Beirut on 3 August 1982”, “Confirms once again its demand for an immediate
cease-fire and withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon”, and “Censures
Israel for its failure to comply with” resolutions 508, 509, 512, 513,
515, and 516.

Res. 518 (Aug. 12, 1982) – “Demands that Israel and all parties to the conflict observe strictly the terms of Security Council resolutions relevant to the immediate cessation of all military
activities within Lebanon and, particularly, in and around Beirut”,
“Demands the immediate lifting of all restrictions on the city of Beirut
in order to permit the free entry of supplies to meet the urgent needs
of the civilian population in Beirut”.

Res. 520 (Sep. 17, 1982) – “Condemns the recent Israeli incursions into Beirut in violation of the cease-fire agreements and of Security Council resolutions”, and “Demands an immediate return
to the positions occupied by Israel before” September 15, 1982 “as a
first step towards the full implementation of Security Council
resolutions”.

Res. 521 (Sep. 19, 1982) – “Condemns the criminal massacre of Palestinian civilians in Beirut” in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

Res. 573 (Oct. 4, 1985) – “Condemns vigorously the act of armed aggression perpetrated by Israel against Tunisian territory in flagrant violation of the Charter of the United Nations,
international law and norms of conduct”.

Res. 592 (Dec. 8, 1986) – Reaffirms that the Fourth Geneva Convention “is applicable to the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem”, and
“Strongly deplores the opening of fire by the Israeli army resulting in
the death and the wounding of defenceless students”.

Res. 605 (Dec. 22, 1987) – “Strongly deplores those policies and practices of Israel, the occupying Power, which violate the human rights of the Palestinian people in the occupied territories, and
in particular the opening of fire by the Israeli army, resulting in the
killing and wounding of defenceless Palestinian civilians”, and
reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention “to the
Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied by Israel since 1967,
including Jerusalem”.

Res. 607 (Jan. 5, 1988) – Expresses “grave concern over the situation in the occupied Palestinian territories”, notes “the decision of Israel, the occupying Power, to ‘continue the deportation’
of Palestinian civilians in the occupied territories”, “Reaffirms once
again” the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention “to Palestinian
and other Arab territories, occupied by Israel since 1967, including
Jerusalem”, “Calls upon Israel to refrain from deporting any Palestinian
civilians from the occupied territories”, and “Strongly requests
Israel, the occupying Power, to abide by its obligations arising from
the Convention”.

Res. 608 (Jan. 14, 1988) – Reaffirms resolution 607, expresses “deep regret that Israel, the occupying Power, has, in defiance of that resolution, deported Palestinian civilians”, and “Calls
upon Israel to rescind the order to deport Palestinian civilians and to
ensure the safe and immediate return to the occupied Palestinian
territories of those already deported”.

Res. 611 (Apr. 25, 1988) – Notes “with concern that the aggression perpetrated” by Israelis on April 16, 1988 “in the locality of Sidi Bou Said”, Tunisia, “has caused loss of human life,
particularly the assassination of Mr. Khalil El Wazir”, and “Condemns
vigorously the aggression perpetrated … against the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of Tunisia in flagrant violation of the Charter of
the United Nations, international law and norms of conduct”.

Res. 636 (Jul. 6, 1989) – Reaffirms resolutions 607 and 608, notes “that Israel, the occupying Power, has once again, in defiance of those resolutions, deported eight Palestinian civilians on
29 June 1989”, Expresses deep regret “the continuing deportation by
Israel, the occupying Power, of Palestinian civilians”, “Calls upon
Israel to ensure the safe and immediate return to the occupied
Palestinian territories of those deported and to desist forthwith from
deporting any other Palestinian civilians”, and “Reaffirms that” the
Fourth Geneva Convention “is applicable to the Palestinian territories,
occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem, and to other
occupied Arab territories”.

Res. 641 (Aug. 30, 1989) – Reaffirms resolutions 607, 608, and 636, notes that Israel “has once again, in defiance of those resolutions, deported five Palestinian civilians on 27 August
1989”, and “Deplores the continuing deportation by Israel, the occupying
Power, of Palestinian civilians”.

Res. 672 (Oct. 12, 1990) – “Expresses alarm at the violence which took place” on October 8, 1990, “at the Al Haram al Shareef and other Holy Places of Jerusalem resulting in over twenty
Palestinian deaths and to the injury of more than one hundred and fifty
people, including Palestinian civilians and innocent worshippers”,
“Condemns especially the acts of violence committed by the Israeli
forces resulting in injuries and loss of human life”, and “Requests, in
connection with the decision of the Secretary-General to send a mission
to the region, which the Council welcomes, that he submit a report to it
before the end of October 1990 containing his findings and conclusions
and that he use as appropriate all the resources of the United Nations
in the region in carrying out the mission.”

Res. 673 (Oct. 24, 1990) – “Deplores the refusal of the Israeli Government to receive the mission of the Secretary-General to the region”, and “Urges the Israeli Government to reconsider its
decision and insists that it comply fully with resolution 672 (1990) and
to permit the mission of the Secretary-General to proceed in keeping
with its purpose”.

Res. 681 (Dec. 20, 1990) – Reaffirms “the obligations of Member States under the United Nations Charter”, reaffirms “also the principle of the inadmissibility of the acquisition
of territory by war”, expresses alarm “by the decision of the Government
of Israel to deport four Palestinians from the occupied territories in
contravention of its obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention” in
contravention to resolutions 607, 608, 636, and 641, “Expresses its
grave concern over the rejection by Israel of Security Council
resolutions” 672 and 673, and “Deplores the decision by the Government
of Israel, the occupying Power, to resume deportations of Palestinian
civilians in the occupied territories”.

Res. 694 (May 24, 1991) – Reaffirms resolution 681 calling on Israel to respect the Fourth Geneva Convention, notes “with deep concern and consternation that Israel has, in violation of its
obligations under the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949, and acting in
opposition to relevant Security Council resolutions, and to the
detriment of efforts to achieve a comprehensive, just and lasting peace
in the Middle East, deported four Palestinian civilians” on May 18,
1991, “Declares that the action of the Israeli authorities of deporting
four Palestinians … is in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention …,
which is applicable to all the Palestinian territories occupied by
Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem”, and “Deplores this action and
reiterates that Israel, the occupying Power, refrain from deporting any
Palestinian civilian from the occupied territories and ensure the safe
and immediate return of all those deported”.

Res. 726 (Jan. 6, 1992) – Recalls resolutions 607, 608, 636, 641, and 694 calling on Israel to respect the Fourth Geneva Convention, “Strongly condemns the decision of Israel, the occupying
Power, to resume deportations of Palestinian civilians”, “Reaffirms the
applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention … to all the Palestinian
territories occupied by Israel since 1967, including Jerusalem”, and
“requests Israel, the occupying Power, to ensure the safe and immediate
return to the occupied territories of all those deported”.

Res. 799 (Dec. 18, 1992) – Reaffirms resolutions 607, 608, 636, 641, 681, 694, and 726 calling on Israel to respect the Fourth Geneva Convention, notes “with deep concern that Israel, the
occupying Power, in contravention of its obligations under the Fourth
Geneva Convention …, deported to Lebanon” on December 17, 1992 “hundreds
of Palestinian civilians from the territories occupied by Israel since
1967, including Jersualem”, “Strongly condemns the action taken by
Israel, the occupying Power, to deport hundreds of Palestinian
civilians, and expresses its firm opposition to any such deportation by
Israel”, “Reaffirms the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention …
to all the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967,
including Jerusalem, and affirms that deportation of civilians
constitutes a contravention of its obligations under the Convention”,
and “Demands that Israel, the occupying Power, ensure the safe and
immediate return to the occupied territories of all those deported”.

Res. 904 (Mar. 18, 1994) – Expresses shock at “the appalling massacre committed against Palestinian worshippers in the Mosque of Ibrahim in Hebron” on February 25, 1994 by Jewish settler
Baruch Goldstein “during the holy month of Ramadan”, expresses grave
concern with “the consequent Palestinian casualties in the occupied
Palestinian territory as a result of the massacre, which underlines the
need to provide protection and security for the Palestinian people”,
notes “the condemnation of this massacre by the entire international
community”, “Strongly condemns the massacre in Hebron and its aftermath
which took the lives of more than fifty Palestinian civilians and
injured several hundred others”, and “Calls upon Israel, the occupying
Power, to continue to take and implement measures, including, inter
alia, confiscation of arms, with the aim of preventing illegal acts of
violence by Israeli settlers”.

Res. 1073 (Sep. 28, 1996) – Expresses “deep concern about the tragic events in Jerusalem and the areas of Nablus, Ramallah, Bethlehem and the Gaza Strip, which resulted in a high number of deaths
and injuries among the Palestinian civilians, and concerned also about
the clashes between the Israeli army and the Palestinian police and the
casualties on both sides”, and “Calls for the safety and protection for
Palestinian civilians to be ensured”.

Res. 1322 (Oct. 7, 2000) – Expresses deep concern “by the tragic events that have taken place” since September 28, 2000 “that have led to numerous deaths and injuries, mostly among
Palestinians”, “Deplores the provocation carried out at Al-Haram
Al-Sharif in Jerusalem” on September 28, 2000 “and the subsequent
violence there and at other Holy Places, as well as in other areas
throughout the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, resulting in
over 80 Palestinian deaths and many other casualties”, “Condemns acts of
violence, especially the excessive use of force against Palestinians,
resulting in injury and loss of human life”, and “Calls upon Israel, the
occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and its
responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention”.

Res. 1402 (Mar. 30, 2002) – Expresses grave concern “at the further deterioration of the situation, including the recent suicide bombings in Israel and the military attack against the
headquarters of the president of the Palestinian Authority”, “Calls upon
both parties to move immediately to a meaningful cease-fire” and “calls
for the withdrawal of Israeli troops from Palestinian cities, including
Ramallah”.

Res. 1403 (Apr. 4, 2002) – Expresses grave concern “at the further deterioration of the situation on the ground” and “Demands the implementation of its resolution 1402 (2002) without
delay”.

Res. 1405 (Apr. 19, 2002) – Expresses concern for “the dire humanitarian situation of the Palestinian civilian population, in particular reports from the Jenin refugee camp of an unknown number
of deaths and destruction”, calls for “the lifting of restrictions
imposed, in particular in Jenin, on the operations of humanitarian
organizations, including the International Committee of the Red Cross
and United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East”, and “Emphasizes the urgency of access of medical and
humanitarian organizations to the Palestinian civilian population”.

Res. 1435 (Sep. 24, 2002) – Expresses grave concern “at the reoccupation of the headquarters of the President of the Palestinian Authority in the City of Ramallah that took place” on
September 19, 2002, demands “its immediate end”, expresses alarm “at the
reoccupation of Palestinian cities as well as the severe restrictions
imposed on the freedom of movement of persons and goods, and gravely
concerned at the humanitarian crisis being faced by the Palestinian
people”, reiterates “the need for respect in all circumstances of
international humanitarian law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention
relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War”, “Demands
that Israel immediately cease measures in and around Ramallah including
the destruction of Palestinian civilian and security infrastructure”,
and “Demands also the expeditious withdrawal of the Israeli occupying
forces from Palestinian cities towards the return to the positions held
prior to September 2000”.

Res. 1544 (May 19, 2004) – Reaffirms resolutions 242, 338, 446, 1322, 1397, 1402, 1405, 1435, and 1515, reiterates “the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its
legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva
Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of
War”, calls “on Israel to address its security needs within the
boundaries of international law”, expresses “grave concern at the
continued deterioration of the situation on the ground in the territory
occupied by Israel since 1967”, condemns “the killing of Palestinian
civilians that took place in the Rafah area”, expresses grave concern
“by the recent demolition of homes committed by Israel, the occupying
Power, in the Rafah refugee camp”, reaffirms “its support for the Road
Map, endorsed in resolution 1515”, “Calls on Israel to respect its
obligations under international humanitarian law, and insists, in
particular, on its obligation not to undertake demolition of homes
contrary to that law”, and “Calls on both parties to immediately
implement their obligations under the Road Map”.

Res. 1701 (Aug. 11, 2006) – Expresses “its utmost concern at the continuing escalation of hostilities in Lebanon and in Israel” that “has already caused hundreds of deaths and injuries” and
“extensive damage to civilian infrastructure and hundreds of thousands
of internally displaced persons”, and “Calls for a full cessation of
hostilities” including “the immediate cessation by Israel of all
offensive military operations”.

Res. 1860 (Jan. 8, 2009) – Expresses “grave concern at the escalation of violence and the deterioration of the situation, in particular the resulting heavy civilian casualties since the refusal to
extend the period of calm”, expresses “grave concern also at the
deepening humanitarian crisis in Gaza”, “calls for an immediate, durable
and fully respected ceasefire, leading to the full withdrawal of
Israeli forces from Gaza”, “Calls for the unimpeded provision and
distribution throughout Gaza of humanitarian assistance, including of
food, fuel and medical treatment”, and “Condemns all violence and
hostilities directed against civilians and all acts of terrorism”.

By: Jeremy R. Hammond, January 27 2010

Jeremy R. Hammond is the editor of Foreign Policy Journal, a website providing news, analysis, and opinion from outside the standard framework provided by government officials and the corporate
media. He was among the recipients of the 2010 Project Censored Awards
for outstanding investigative journalism and is the author of The Rejection of Palestinian Self-Determination. You can contact him at: jeremy@foreignpolicyjournal.com. Read other articles by Jeremy, or visit Jeremy's website.



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