Michael Parenti claims that in most ancient and modern histories, Julius Caesar is characterized as a dictator and demagogue. If so, then Caesar's assassination can be portrayed as a defence of the Republic. Also, that plebs or "the Roman commoners" are viewed "as a parasitic mob, a rabble interested only in bread and circuses."
In contrast, Parenti argues that Caesar's assassination was "one incident in a line of political murders ... [of] popularly supported reformers."Parenti also argues that, despite their traditional depiction as a lazy, criminal mob, the plebs largely consisted of hard-working laborers with practical political and economic concerns.
Parenti is critical of most of the ancient sources, except for Caesar's writings and those of his supporters. Parenti also says Sulla encouraged the growth of large estates in the Roman countryside (p. 79).
Parenti lists Caesar's measures to relieve poverty; some measures are outright grants to the poor but most are programs to put the plebs to productive work. Also, several measures are taken to curb corruption practices of the wealthy as well as to levy some luxury taxes. Then Parenti turns to debt relief and contrasts "two theories about why people fall deeply in debt."(p. 151)
In the second theory, debtors are lazy and free spenders. However, Parenti states this model doesn't apply to the poor but rather to the spoiled children of the upper class:
In any case, Caesar's debt relief was aimed at "the laboring masses, not the dissolute few."(p. 153)
Julius Caesar was one of the greatest statesmen ever. After his brilliant conquest of Gaul his loyal army was willing to follow him on campaigns in Egypt, Pontus, Africa and Spain which made him master of the Roman world.
Granting himself dictatorial powers as the first de facto emperor he passed a flood of shrewd, sane measures which improved life for many at home and abroad. His Julian calendar survives to this day.